Which of the following statements concerning the organization of our solar system is correct?
|A)||The four inner planets are less dense than the four planets beyond Mars.|
|B)||The atmospheres of the outer planets are made up of oxygen and nitrogen.|
|C)||The four planets beyond Mars have much greater mass relative to Earth.|
|D)||Our solar system is thought to have originated 13 billion years ago.|
The accepted age of the Earth was established by which of the following methods?
|A)||counting the generations in the Bible|
|B)||calculating the time for molten rock to cool|
|C)||calculating the time to accumulate the amount of salts into the oceans|
|D)||comparing the quantity of unstable isotopes remaining in rocks with their known half-lives|
The seasons of the Earth are attributed to:
|A)||annual variability in the distance from the Earth to the Sun.|
|B)||the length of the Earth's orbit around the Sun.|
|C)||the length of time for the Earth to rotate on its axis.|
|D)||the tilt of the Earth's axis with respect to its orbital plane around the Sun.|
Select the correct statement about the Earth-Sun relationship.
|A)||The winter solstice marks the end of the Sun's northward movement in the sky.|
|B)||The equinoxes mark when the Sun stands above the poles.|
|C)||The Arctic circle is the northern limit of sunlight on the winter solstice.|
|D)||The amount of daylight at the equator ranges from 24 hours to 0 hours.|
The map projection that preserves lines of constant heading is the:
Select the statement regarding location reference systems that is not correct.
|A)||Lines of latitude parallel each other.|
|B)||Lines of longitude all intersect at the equator.|
|C)||Lines of longitude are all great circles.|
|D)||The equator is the only line of latitude that forms a great circle.|
Which of the following statements does not correctly describe factors in the measurement of longitude?
|A)||The reference longitude is the prime meridian.|
|B)||The Earth rotates on its axis at a rate of 15o/hour.|
|C)||The star Polaris is always above the north pole.|
|D)||Longitude measures angular distance east and west of the prime meridian.|
If at your location the Sun's zenith occurs 3 hours before noon GMT, you are:
|A)||45o west of the prime meridian.|
|B)||45o east of the prime meridian.|
|C)||45o north of the equator.|
|D)||going to be very late to your oceanography class.|
Which of the following is not correct with respect to the hydrologic cycle?
|A)||Reservoirs include the atmosphere, oceans, and icecaps.|
|B)||The hydrologic cycle involves the movement of water between reservoirs.|
|C)||On a global average, land gives up more water to evaporation than it receives through precipitation.|
|D)||Climate zones are primarily functions of patterns of temperature, precipitation and evaporation.|
Select the statement that is not correct about reservoirs.
|A)||Larger reservoirs have longer residence times.|
|B)||The size of the reservoir determines its reaction to changes in the rate of gains or losses.|
|C)||Water frozen in icecaps and glaciers is not considered a reservoir because it is frozen.|
|D)||The atmosphere cycles water through its reservoir very quickly relative to other reservoirs.|
Which of the following statements correctly describes the Atlantic Ocean?
|A)||The Atlantic is the smallest ocean in area.|
|B)||The Atlantic is the shallowest of the four oceans.|
|C)||There are more shallow adjacent seas around the Atlantic than the other oceans.|
|D)||The Atlantic is principally a Northern Hemisphere ocean.|
Which of the following Earth-Sun relationships is not correct?
|A)||Summer Solstice, Tropic of Cancer|
|B)||Autumnal Equinox, Equator|
|C)||Vernal Equinox, Tropic of Capricorn|
|D)||Winter Solstice, Tropic of Capricorn|
The shape of the Earth is:
|B)||slightly pear shaped.|
Select the correct order of geologic eras from oldest to youngest.
|A)||Hadean, Archean, Proterozoic, Phanerozoic|
|B)||Cambrian, Triassic, Tertiary, Quaternary|
|C)||Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Cenozoic|
|D)||Cenozoic, Mesozoic, Palaeozoic, Precambrian|
Which of the following statements regarding Earth's geologic history is not correct?
|A)||Dinosaurs and mammals did not coexist.|
|B)||Land plants became established prior to the dinosaurs.|
|C)||Dinosaurs did not survive past the Cretaceous period.|
|D)||The first humans appeared in the Quaternary period.|
Select the following statement about GPS that is not correct.
|A)||GPS is a satellite-based radio navigation system.|
|B)||Commercial users can obtain positional accuracy of a few meters.|
|C)||The principle behind GPS uses relationships between velocity and time to calculate location.|
|D)||The user on the ground sends a radio signal to a satellite which then tells the user where they are located.|
Which of the following isotopic relationships is not correct?
Which of the following cartographic relationships is not correct?
|A)||surface elevations, topographic map|
|B)||water depth, bathymetric map|
|C)||perspective, physiographic map|
|D)||water depth, hypsographic map|
Which of the following is not correct regarding the origin of the universe?
|A)||The universe began expanding 13.7 billion years ago.|
|B)||Heavy elements, such as iron, were created by the Big Bang.|
|C)||Heavy elements have been created by stars.|
|D)||The existence of planets outside of our solar system has been demonstrated.|
Select the statement regarding satellite oceanography that is not correct.
|A)||Geosynchronous satellites orbit the Earth above the Equator at the same speed as the Earth rotates.|
|B)||The GOES family of satellites primarily monitors the weather.|
|C)||Satellites use an AVHRR sensor to monitor sea surface elevations.|
|D)||GPS use a constellation of 24 navigational satellites.|
Why is it impossible to make a map without some distortion?
|A)||Because attempts to create maps of the Earth's surface are very recent|
|B)||Because distortion is inherent when attempting to display the curved surface of the Earth on a flat map|
|C)||Because we have not explored all areas of the Earth so it is difficult to map them|
|D)||Because mapping technology is not yet very advanced|
Which of the following is NOT a reason for the Earth's layered structure?
|A)||The Earth was bombarded by large objects in the solar system which caused it to heat up.|
|B)||When the Earth heated up to a temperature at which all of its constituents melted, the denser material sank to the center and less dense material floated to the top|
|C)||Earth accreted at distinct intervals resulting in layers, similar to tree rings|
|D)||All of the above are true|