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Multiple Choice Quiz
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Formal operational thought differs significantly from concrete operational thought in that formal operational thought is
A)more visual.
B)more abstract.
C)less abstract.
D)more concrete.
All of the following qualities of thinking are unique to adolescence EXCEPT
A)thinking about thinking.
B)logic based on concrete elements.
D)the ability to think hypothetically.
When playing the modified "20 Questions" game in which she is supposed to determine which picture of 42 the experimenter has in mind, Elnora asks questions in a systematic way, such as, "It is in the top half of the display?" Elnora is exhibiting
A)hypothetical-deductive reasoning.
B)hypothetical-inductive reasoning.
C)concrete operational thought.
D)preoperational thought.
Jean Piaget's ideas on formal operational thought are being challenged in all of the following ways EXCEPT that
A)not all adolescents are formal operational thinkers.
B)culture and education exert stronger influences on cognitive development than Piaget believed.
C)cognitive development is not as stage-like as Piaget proposed.
D)Piaget's research was limited and presented very few ideas that are still useful today.
One aspect of Elkind's adolescent egocentrism states that adolescents have a heightened self-consciousness, believing others are as interested in them as they are. Elkind refers to this as the
A)imaginary audience.
B)false-belief syndrome.
C)personal fable.
D)self-absorption syndrome.
Jennifer, who is having unprotected sex with her boyfriend, comments to her best friend, "Did you hear about Barbara? You know how she fools around so much. I heard she's pregnant. That would never happen to me!" This illustrates the
A)imaginary audience.
B)false-belief syndrome.
C)personal fable.
D)self-absorption syndrome.
Zachary's memory has increased considerably from the time he was 5 years old until the time he turned 16. This is likely for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A)he has more storage space in his short-term memory.
B)he is more likely to use concrete strategies.
C)he processes information more quickly.
D)he processes information more efficiently.
It is likely that working memory
A)reaches peak capacity by the end of adolescence.
B)continues to improve from childhood into adulthood.
C)improves from childhood to adolescence, then declines with the transition to adulthood.
D)declines somewhat in adolescences, then improves with the transition to adulthood.
Max's parents want to improve his decision making about real-world choices, such as sex, drugs, and risky driving. They would be wise to do all of the following EXCEPT
A)lecture him on the dangers of sex, drugs, and risky driving.
B)be sure his high school provides opportunities to engage in role-playing related to sex, drugs, and risky driving.
C)be sure his high school provides opportunities to engage in group problem solving related to sex, drugs, and risky driving.
D)involve him in family decision making so that he perceives himself to be in control of what happens to him.
For the development of critical thinking skills during adolescence, the adolescent must have
A)a solid basis of fundamental skills developed during childhood.
B)a supportive school environment.
C)a supportive home environment.
D)an IQ of at least 100.
______ are beliefs and attitudes about the way things should be.
Hannah grew up in the 1960s. Two values that her grandchildren are likely to share with her are
A)self-regulation and self-esteem.
B)self-fulfillment and self-expression.
C)personal well-being and the well-being of others.
D)developing a meaningful philosophy of life and self-expression.
Cross-cultural research shows which family values to be consistently linked with adolescent concern for social welfare?
A)cohesiveness and loyalty
B)compassion and social responsibility
C)love and conservatism
D)respect and obedience
Ahmed is involved in a service-learning program at his school. We would expect that this will result in Ahmed having
A)improved grades.
B)an easy time finding a job.
C)a difficult time keeping up with his studies.
D)a sense of being exploited.
John Dewey said that schools provide moral education through
A)a hidden curriculum.
B)character education.
C)service learning.
D)religious education.
A direct approach that involves teaching students a basic moral literacy to prevent them from engaging in immoral behavior and harming themselves or others is
A)the hidden curriculum.
B)character education.
C)cognitive moral education.
D)social moral education.
________ is based on the belief that students should learn to value such aspects of life as democracy and justice as their moral reasoning develops.
A)The hidden curriculum
B)Character education
C)Cognitive moral education
D)Social moral education
Which response to the question, "Why was Moses afraid to look at God?" would reflect concrete operational religious thought?
A)"Because God had a funny face."
B)"Because it was a ball of fire and Moses thought he might get burned."
C)"God is holy and the world is sinful."
D)"The awesomeness of God would make Moses feel like a worm in comparison."
Students experiencing the top-dog phenomenon are most likely to exhibit
A)high achievement motivation.
B)difficulty with the transition from elementary school to middle school.
C)good relations with peers.
D)power over other students.
The Carnegie Corporation's recommendations for improving middle schools in the United States included all of the following EXCEPT
A)lower the student-to-counselor ratios to 10:1.
B)get parents involved.
C)integrate physical health into the curriculum.
D)promote continuity by keeping all class sessions the same length.
All of the following are recommended to reduce school dropout rates EXCEPT
A)offer community service opportunities.
B)make the curriculum more interesting.
C)provide early reading programs and tutoring.
D)offer mentoring and caring environments.
Carl, a senior in high school with a teaching internship, is preparing letters for fourth-grade teaching positions. Carl is in Super's vocational phase called
The channels of upward mobility open to lower-SES youth are largely
Which of the following is a benefit that adolescents have been found to derive from working part-time?
A)They are able to get extensive on-the-job training.
B)They learn how to budget their time.
C)They get along better with adults.
D)Their grades typically improve.
Recent research on the link between part-time work during adolescence and problem behavior suggests that
A)low-income adolescents who work are more likely than low-income students who don't work to have school-related problems.
B)having a part-time job lowers the risk of problem behaviors.
C)there is a link between part-time work during adolescence and problem behaviors.
D)working more than 10 hours per week is associated with juvenile delinquency.

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