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Multiple Choice Quiz
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Which of the following is an example of primary prevention?
A)taking high blood pressure medication consistently
B)exercising daily once medical personnel diagnose obesity
C)never starting to smoke because of the anticipated health problems
D)seeking immediate medical attention at the first sign of a problem
Teachable moments are least likely to occur ________.
A)in adolescence
B)in middle age
C)during pregnancy
D)after being diagnosed with coronary artery disease
Research suggests that the best way to persuade people through educational appeals is to ________.
A)make your message short, clear, and direct
B)support your argument with statistics
C)focus on fear
D)All of these.
In the health belief model, the perception of a health threat is based on:
A)beliefs about the consequences of a disorder.
B)general health values, such as one's interest and concern about health.
C)beliefs about personal vulnerability to a specific disorder.
D)All of these.
The theory of planned behavior can be described as an attempt to link:
A)health attitudes to health related behaviors.
B)research results to people's actual health behaviors.
C)attitudes toward health behaviors to a person's genetics.
D)control issues at work to health-related behaviors at home.
One of the main drawbacks to the theory of planned behavior and behavior modification is that people:
A)do not usually do what they say they will do.
B)do not understand the complicated techniques of behavior modification.
C)do not possess the skills to change bad lifetime habits.
D)with bad lifetime habits and new information may not be able to maintain the positive behavioral changes.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy approaches health-habit modification by:
A)focusing on the target behavior itself.
B)using operant conditioning techniques.
C)focusing on genetic factors.
D)relying on biofeedback and hypnosis.
Which approach to changing health behavior is illustrated by the use of Antabuse?
B)stimulus control
C)operant conditioning
D)classical conditioning
Contingency contracting is more effective than punishment because:
A)people who use self-punishment tend to punish too severely and can continue to become too aggressive in their health modifications.
B)people are more likely to adhere to reward or punishments when they make a contract with another person, such as a therapist.
C)reward is more effective than punishment.
D)punishment is based on operant conditioning, which is not as fast as classical conditioning.
The term, "abstinence violation effect," refers to:
A)situations in which the individual has broken rules imposed by a therapist.
B)behaviors that are triggered by interactions with peers.
C)the feeling of loss of self-control that occurs when a self-imposed rule has been violated.
D)a normal consequence of unrealistic expectations and pressures placed on an individual by health care providers.
________ focuses primarily on the modification of self-talk.
B)Cognitive restructuring
C)Social skills training
Which of the following scenarios best exemplifies how modeling can be used as a technique for reducing fears associated with a preventive health behavior?
A)A member of Alcoholics Anonymous listens to a fellow member describe his triumph over addiction and learns how to model techniques for his own rehabilitation.
B)A swimmer turns down a cigarette because she perceives that most great swimmers do not smoke, even though she fears social rejection.
C)Before receiving medical injections, a group of children watch a video of other children receiving shots.
D)Right before skydiving for the first time, a student uses visual imagery with help and direction from her instructor.
Why is assertiveness training being used to alter health habits?
A)Poor health habits can develop in response to anxiety experienced in social situations.
B)Ridding the environment of discriminative stimuli that evoke a problem behavior can help to reinforce a new response.
C)Home practice activities tend to support the goals of therapeutic intervention.
D)People must first understand the dimensions of a target behavior before change can be initiated.
Which of the following approaches to health behavior change is most likely to change the individual's environment?
A)social skills training
B)relaxation training
C)cognitive-behavioral therapy
D)stimulus control interventions
Your textbook suggests that _________ may be the most effective approach to health-habit modification.
A)social skills training
C)broad-spectrum cognitive behavior therapy

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