Read each question carefully and then select the best answer.
Sociologists use the term social movements in reference to
|B)||expressions of public opinion.|
|C)||organized collective activities to bring about or resist fundamental change in an existing group or society.|
|D)||none of these|
You are a student and do not own a car. All of your close friends who are attending your college or university have vehicles of their own. You feel downtrodden and are dissatisfied. You are experiencing
The text observes that it takes more than desire to start a social movement: It helps to have money, political influence, access to the media, and workers. The ways in which a social movement utilizes such things are referred to collectively as
Organized collective activities that promote autonomy and self-determination, as well as improvements in the quality of life, are referred to as
|A)||new social movements.|
Which sociological perspective views social movements as training grounds for leaders of the political establishment?
Which one of the following statements is not true?
|A)||New social movements generally view government as their ally in the struggle for a better society.|
|B)||Scholars of social movements now realize that gender can affect even the way we view organized efforts to bring about or resist change.|
|C)||Social movements grow and give birth to other movements, work in coalition with other movements, and influence each other indirectly through their effects on the larger cultural and political environment.|
|D)||Leadership is a central factor in the mobilization of the discontented into social movements.|
The text cites which of the following as a recognized definition of social change?
|A)||Tumultuous, revolutionary alterations that lead to changes in leadership|
|B)||A significant alteration over time in behavior patterns and culture|
|C)||Regular alterations in a consistent social frame of reference|
|D)||Subtle alterations in any social system|
Charles Darwin's pioneering work in biological evolution contributed to __________ theory, which views society as moving in a definite direction.
The Internet is dominated by users in Europe and
_____ theorists charge that globalization and international migration have increased the economic gulf between developed and developing nations.
According to Talcott Parsons's __________ model, as changes occur in one part of society, there must be adjustments in other parts.
Talcott Parsons maintained that four processes of social change are inevitable. Which of the following is not one of these?
|D)||All of these are among the four processes of social change.|
__________ theorists contend that social institutions and practices continue because powerful groups have the ability to maintain the status quo, and change is needed to correct social injustices and inequalities.
Which of the following statements regarding Karl Marx is not true?
|A)||Marx accepted the evolutionary argument that societies develop along a particular path.|
|B)||Marx believed that history proceeds through a series of stages, each of which exploits a class of people.|
|C)||Marx accepted Parson's equilibrium model, which states that as changes occur in one part of society, there must be adjustments in other parts if stability is to be maintained.|
|D)||Marx argued that conflict is a normal and desirable aspect of social change.|
Social economist Thorstein Veblen coined the term __________ in referring to those people or groups who will suffer in the event of social change.
William F. Ogburn used the term __________ in referring to the period of maladjustment during which the nonmaterial culture is still adapting to new material conditions.
In France during the 1800s, angry workers threw their wooden shoes into factory machinery to destroy it, thereby giving rise to the term
|A)||"throw a monkey wrench into it."|
Which of the following is not a common complaint of the typical neo-Luddite?
|A)||the Federal barriers to advancements in biotechnology|
|B)||the incessant expansion of industrialization|
|C)||the increasing destruction of the natural and agrarian world|
|D)||the "throw away" mentality of contemporary capitalism|
_____theorists are interested in the day-to-day relationships transnationals have with the people around them.
Which sociological perspective contends that social change can correct social injustices and inequalities?
Which perspective charges that globalization and international migration have increased the economic gulf between developed and developing nations?
English is still the primary language of Internet users, however __________ is the second most used language.
Which of the following is NOT an example of nonmaterial culture?
The __________ perspective sees many aspects of online technology fostering communications, providing, for example, a forum for groups with few resources to reach an audience of millions of people.
|D)||both A and C|
According to Parsons's equilibrium model, during which process do social institutions become more specialized in their purposes?