Which of the following is Erikson's stage for middle adulthood?
|A)||generativity versus stagnation|
|B)||intimacy versus isolation|
|C)||autonomy versus shame|
|D)||integrity versus despair|
Providing nurturance and guidance to children is an example of __________ generativity.
According to Daniel Levinson, adults experience a transition to middle adulthood from ages __________.
|A)||22 to 28|
|B)||33 to 40|
|C)||40 to 45|
|D)||45 to 50|
In Levinson's theory, what does BOOM stand for?
|A)||Balanced, objective, optimistic male|
|B)||Becoming One's Own Man|
|C)||Beliefs, opinions, objectives, measures|
|D)||Balancing On One's Morals|
Which researcher is associated with the Grant Study of Men?
Which of the following statements concerning a midlife crisis is FALSE?
|A)||Most people who report having a midlife crisis attribute the crisis to negative life events rather than aging.|
|B)||Emotional instability of individuals does not significantly increase through their middle-aged years.|
|C)||Many adults experience a peak of personal control and power in middle age.|
|D)||Most midlife crises are due to financial insecurities experienced by autonomous males.|
The contemporary life-events approach places emphasis on all of the following EXCEPT __________.
|A)||the stress created by life events|
|B)||mediating factors of life events|
|C)||adaptation to life events|
|D)||the sociohistorical context of life events|
Regarding the cultural context of middle adulthood, which of the following statements is FALSE?
|A)||Most cultures distinguish between young and old adults.|
|B)||In many cultures, the concept of middle age is not clear.|
|C)||In many nonindustrialized societies, a woman's status often declines in middle age.|
|D)||The nature of middle age for women in other cultures depends on the modernity of the culture and the culture's view of gender roles.|
Which of the following reasons is NOT a criticism concerning male bias in stage theories of adult development?
|A)||Central focus of stage theories is on career choice and work achievement.|
|B)||Stage theories do not adequately address women's concerns about relationship, interdependence, and caring.|
|C)||The types of stress experienced by middle-aged women and men are different.|
|D)||Stage theories do not account for unique life events and circumstances that an individual may experience.|
Which study demonstrated that the big five factors of personality showed considerable stability over adulthood?
|A)||Neugarten's Kansas City Study|
|B)||Costa and McCrae's Baltimore Study.|
|C)||Berkeley Longitudinal Studies|
|D)||Helson's Mills College Study.|
__________ describes the extent to which someone is softhearted, trusting, and helpful.
Which of the following findings would be supported by the cumulative personality model of development?
|A)||Jim used to be quite shy, but he has learned to be more talkative and social as it is a benefit to his business relationships.|
|B)||Jen was working in New York City during the 911 terrorist attacks. Since that time, her personality has become more somber and thoughtful.|
|C)||After years of experimenting with different social groups, Helen now selectively chooses activities and environments that complement her outgoing personality.|
|D)||Despite constant criticism by his mother, Eric continues to engage in risky behaviors that fuel his adventure-seeking personality.|
Which of the following is NOT an important relationship component for middle-age couples?
|C)||mutual emotional interest|
Of married adults at midlife, the majority say their marriages are __________.
|A)||excellent or very good|
|D)||not very good or poor|
Divorces in young adulthood tend to be emotionally __________, and divorces in middle adulthood tend to be emotionally __________.
Regarding empty nest syndrome, which of the following statements is TRUE?
|A)||Parents who live vicariously through their children are less likely to experience empty nest feelings.|
|B)||For most parents, marital satisfaction decreases during the years after child rearing.|
|C)||Parents who are heavily invested in their children may suffer from a decline in marital satisfaction after children have left home.|
|D)||Marital partners have less time for each other with their children gone.|
Regarding grandparenting conceptions in middle age, which of the following is NOT a grandparenting style?
Regarding sibling relationships, which of the following statements is TRUE?
|A)||Most adult sibling relationships are not close.|
|B)||Adult siblings who are close tended to be close in childhood.|
|C)||It is quite common for adult siblings to develop closeness for the first time in adulthood.|
|D)||all of these|
Regarding intergenerational relationships, which of the following statements is FALSE?
|A)||The majority of middle-aged adults experience the effects of being the "sandwich" generation.|
|B)||The middle-aged generation plays an important role in linking generations.|
|C)||Mothers and daughters tend to have the strongest intergenerational relationships.|
|D)||Continuing contact across generations in families usually occurs.|
Which of the following is an example of a boomerang kid?
|A)||A college student who continues to move home each summer throughout his college years.|
|B)||A young, single mother who repeatedly relies on her parents for assistance in paying basic living expenses.|
|C)||A young adult who returns to live with his parents after finishing college and getting a full-time job.|
|D)||all of these|