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Multiple Choice Quiz
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Which of the following is Erikson's stage for middle adulthood?
A)generativity versus stagnation
B)intimacy versus isolation
C)autonomy versus shame
D)integrity versus despair
Providing nurturance and guidance to children is an example of __________ generativity.
According to Daniel Levinson, adults experience a transition to middle adulthood from ages __________.
A)22 to 28
B)33 to 40
C)40 to 45
D)45 to 50
In Levinson's theory, what does BOOM stand for?
A)Balanced, objective, optimistic male
B)Becoming One's Own Man
C)Beliefs, opinions, objectives, measures
D)Balancing On One's Morals
Which researcher is associated with the Grant Study of Men?
A)Daniel Levinson
B)Erik Erikson
C)Bernice Neugarten
D)George Vaillant
Which of the following statements concerning a midlife crisis is FALSE?
A)Most people who report having a midlife crisis attribute the crisis to negative life events rather than aging.
B)Emotional instability of individuals does not significantly increase through their middle-aged years.
C)Many adults experience a peak of personal control and power in middle age.
D)Most midlife crises are due to financial insecurities experienced by autonomous males.
The contemporary life-events approach places emphasis on all of the following EXCEPT __________.
A)the stress created by life events
B)mediating factors of life events
C)adaptation to life events
D)the sociohistorical context of life events
Regarding the cultural context of middle adulthood, which of the following statements is FALSE?
A)Most cultures distinguish between young and old adults.
B)In many cultures, the concept of middle age is not clear.
C)In many nonindustrialized societies, a woman's status often declines in middle age.
D)The nature of middle age for women in other cultures depends on the modernity of the culture and the culture's view of gender roles.
Which of the following reasons is NOT a criticism concerning male bias in stage theories of adult development?
A)Central focus of stage theories is on career choice and work achievement.
B)Stage theories do not adequately address women's concerns about relationship, interdependence, and caring.
C)The types of stress experienced by middle-aged women and men are different.
D)Stage theories do not account for unique life events and circumstances that an individual may experience.
Which study demonstrated that the big five factors of personality showed considerable stability over adulthood?
A)Neugarten's Kansas City Study
B)Costa and McCrae's Baltimore Study.
C)Berkeley Longitudinal Studies
D)Helson's Mills College Study.
__________ describes the extent to which someone is softhearted, trusting, and helpful.
A)Emotional stability
Which of the following findings would be supported by the cumulative personality model of development?
A)Jim used to be quite shy, but he has learned to be more talkative and social as it is a benefit to his business relationships.
B)Jen was working in New York City during the 911 terrorist attacks. Since that time, her personality has become more somber and thoughtful.
C)After years of experimenting with different social groups, Helen now selectively chooses activities and environments that complement her outgoing personality.
D)Despite constant criticism by his mother, Eric continues to engage in risky behaviors that fuel his adventure-seeking personality.
Which of the following is NOT an important relationship component for middle-age couples?
C)mutual emotional interest
D)physical attraction
Of married adults at midlife, the majority say their marriages are __________.
A)excellent or very good
D)not very good or poor
Divorces in young adulthood tend to be emotionally __________, and divorces in middle adulthood tend to be emotionally __________.
A)volatile; volatile
B)volatile; suppressed
C)suppressed; volatile
D)suppressed; suppressed
Regarding empty nest syndrome, which of the following statements is TRUE?
A)Parents who live vicariously through their children are less likely to experience empty nest feelings.
B)For most parents, marital satisfaction decreases during the years after child rearing.
C)Parents who are heavily invested in their children may suffer from a decline in marital satisfaction after children have left home.
D)Marital partners have less time for each other with their children gone.
Regarding grandparenting conceptions in middle age, which of the following is NOT a grandparenting style?
Regarding sibling relationships, which of the following statements is TRUE?
A)Most adult sibling relationships are not close.
B)Adult siblings who are close tended to be close in childhood.
C)It is quite common for adult siblings to develop closeness for the first time in adulthood.
D)all of these
Regarding intergenerational relationships, which of the following statements is FALSE?
A)The majority of middle-aged adults experience the effects of being the "sandwich" generation.
B)The middle-aged generation plays an important role in linking generations.
C)Mothers and daughters tend to have the strongest intergenerational relationships.
D)Continuing contact across generations in families usually occurs.
Which of the following is an example of a boomerang kid?
A)A college student who continues to move home each summer throughout his college years.
B)A young, single mother who repeatedly relies on her parents for assistance in paying basic living expenses.
C)A young adult who returns to live with his parents after finishing college and getting a full-time job.
D)all of these

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