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Multiple Choice Quiz
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After 1848, European nationalist political figures tended to be
A)realists, not idealists.
B)idealists, not realists.
D)monarchists rather than republicans.
Camillo di Cavour hoped to unify the independent Italian states around
The Kingdom of Italy, declared in March 1861, was headed by
B)Victor Emmanuel II.
D)Napoleon III.
Otto von Bismarck, Prussian chancellor, is most well known
A)for continuing to maintain, in spite of political developments, that the Austrian empire was "great by reason of its physical power, greater still by reason of its education and the intelligence which permeates it!"
B)for saying "I cannot make a speech, but I can make Germany."
C)for his attitude that German unification would be achieved "not by speeches and majority resolutions...but by blood and iron."
D)for being called "the sick man of Europe" in diplomatic circles.
Bismarck intended to achieve his goal of strengthening Prussia's place in international affairs through
Prussia's defeat of Austria in the 1866 Austro-Prussian War resulted in the creation of
A)the German Confederation.
B)the North German Confederation.
C)the Reichstag.
D)the German empire.
France was induced to declare war on Prussia in 1871 by the
A)problems over the joint rule of Schleswig and Holstein.
C)Ems dispatch.
D)Austrian chancellor.
After Napoleon III was captured by Prussian troops in 1871, liberals overthrew the government and established the
A)Third Republic.
B)Third Empire.
C)Second Republic.
D)Second Reich.
The central issue tying together and igniting the numerous problems dividing the American north and south was
B)states' rights versus federal power.
C)separation of church and state.
The British North American Act of 1867
A)stripped Canadians of control over their domestic affairs.
B)punished an earlier Canadian rebellion.
C)relinquished border control between Canada and the United States to the latter.
D)united Canada into a single, independent nation.
The Compromise of 1867 between Austria and Hungary
A)declared that Francis Joseph would abdicate the Hungarian throne.
B)united the two under a common ruler but provided each with a separate parliament.
C)made each one an independent state.
D)reduced Hungary to the same status as the empire's other nationalities.
Which of the following did not have to deal with the problem of the nationalism of subject peoples in its territory during the nineteenth century?
A)Austrian empire
B)Ottoman empire
C)Russian empire
Napoleon III set up the Habsburg prince Maximillian as the puppet emperor of
Alexander II decided to strengthen and modernize Russia by
A)enacting his "Great Reforms."
B)entering the Crimean War.
C)legalizing labor unions.
D)reducing more peasants to serfdom to provide cheap labor.
In 1863, Alexander II's initial efforts to relax the Russian empire's control over Poland came to a halt because of
A)Russia's defeat in the Crimean war.
B)a Polish revolution.
C)the Decembrist uprising.
D)the Polish nobility's vote to remain part of the empire.
Nationalism played a different role in Europe in the years after the 1848 Revolutions than it had before. Which of the following is true about nationalism in the post-1848 period?
A)It lost ground to liberalism.
B)It became associated with revolution.
C)It had the same unifying effect in all European states.
D)It became a tool used by elite politicians for state-building.
Count Cavour (1810-1861), the prime minister of the Italian state of Piedmont, is seen by most historians as the chief architect of Italian unification. Which of the following is true about Cavour and his policies?
A)He relied on popular nationalist enthusiasm to achieve Italian unification.
B)He favored the creation of an Italian democratic republic.
C)He regarded Austria as the main obstacle to Italian unification.
D)He ordered the execution of Garibaldi, whom he viewed as a hindrance to Italian unification.
Which of the following is true about the situation in Germany in 1862, before Otto von Bismarck assumed the Chancellorship of Prussia?
A)It was dominated by Austria
B)It was politically unified under the Germanic Confederation
C)The Austrian-controlled Zollverein helped to hinder unity
D)It was united religiously, even if not politically
Otto von Bismarck achieved the unification of Germany mainly through warfare. Which of the following is NOT true about the war of 1866, in which Prussia fought and defeated Austria?
A)Due to the strength of Austria, the war lasted well over a year.
B)Austria was expelled from the German Confederation in the aftermath.
C)Prussia decided against annexing any Austrian territories.
D)It resulted in the formation of the North German Confederation.
In January 18, 1871, King William I of Prussia was proclaimed to be the emperor of the new "German Empire" in the Hall of mirrors at Versailles. Which of the following statements about this new "German Empire" is most accurate?
A)It was second in power on the European continent only to France.
B)It included only German-speaking territory.
C)It was proclaimed to be the "Second Reich."
D)Its twenty-five states shared power equally with each other.

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