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Multiple Choice Quiz 1
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1
The most accurate descriptor of Jainism is
A)polytheistic.
B)monotheistic.
C)atheistic.
D)nontheistic.
2
Jains, unlike the Theravada Buddhists,
A)reject monastic disciplines.
B)glorify Mahavira's extreme austerities.
C)believe in karma and reincarnation.
D)advocate ahimsa.
3
Jains, like the Theravada Buddhists,
A)believe that all attachments bring a certain bondage.
B)have the same ethical requirements for monks and laity.
C)value a holy death.
D)became a thriving merchant class.
4
In his lifetime, Mahavira taught and
A)organized an order of naked monks.
B)preached one God against Hindu's polytheism.
C)admitted nuns to the monastic order.
D)became a Vedic priest.
5
After a long life of virtue and detachment, Jains endorse
A)intensive meditation.
B)compassionate action for the poor.
C)self-starvation leading to death.
D)that one become a guru.
6
Regular practices of the Jains include
A)almsgiving and animal sacrifice.
B)fasting and pilgrimage.
C)deity worship and meditation.
D)wearing orange or white robes.
7
Both Jainism and Sikhism
A)practice vegetarianism.
B)advocate ahimsa.
C)are monotheistic.
D)view the human being as a composite of spirit and matter.
8
Sikhism originated in the
A)northeastern part of India close to where Buddhism began.
B)Punjab, today part of northwestern India and eastern Pakistan.
C)southern part of India.
D)lake region of India.
9
The most accurate meaning of the Sikh term gurdwara is
A)guru.
B)temple.
C)military guard.
D)holy war.
10
The meaning of the word sikh is to
A)preach and seek disciples.
B)fast and engage in confession.
C)perform devotional acts.
D)meditate.
11
Nanak's religious experience is similar to what feature in other religions?
A)enlightenment
B)mystical union
C)prophetic call
D)ceremonial purification
12
The Sikh Khalsa adopted the five practices to
A)promote strength and self-identity.
B)combine elements of Hinduism and Islam.
C)remember the lineage of gurus and saints.
D)attain mystical consciousness.
13
Members of the Khalsa are to avoid
A)sexual relations.
B)violence.
C)growing beards.
D)intoxicants.
14
The idea in Buddhism and Jainism that emphasizes nonharm and nonviolence is
A)jiva.
B)guru.
C)ahimsa.
D)jina.
15
________ means "crossing maker"; in Jainism, it is one of the twenty-four ideal human beings of the past, Mahavira being the most recent.
A)Gurdwara
B)Shakti
C)Sannyasin
D)Tirthankara
16
________ means "conqueror"; it is the Jain term for a perfected person who will not be reborn.
A)Jina
B)Puja
C)Ajiva
D)Ahimsa
17
In Jainism, _______ is ritual performed in honor of a tirthankara.
A)jiva
B)ahimsa
C)ajiva
D)puja
18
The belief that all physical matter has life and feeling is
A)macrocosm.
B)esotericism.
C)hylozoism.
D)microcosm.
19
A(n) ________ is a spiritual teacher.
A)guru
B)jiva
C)jina
D)ajiva
20
________ refers to the community of initiated Sikhs; also to any true Sikh.
A)Digambara
B)Japji
C)Punjab
D)Khalsa
21
________ means "clothed in sky"; it is the term for a member of the Jain sect in which monks do not wear clothing.
A)Digambara
B)Punjab
C)Shvetambara
D)Mahavira
22
________ is a poem by Guru Nanak that begins the Adi Granth; the poem is recited daily by pious Sikhs.
A)Japji
B)Punjab
C)Digambara
D)Mahavira
23
Matter without soul or life is
A)jina.
B)ahimsa.
C)ajiva.
D)puja.
24
The founder of Sikhism was
A)Khalsa.
B)Nanak.
C)Punjab.
D)Digambara.
25
________ means "building person"; it refers to a member of one of the youngest Jain sects, which rejects the use of statues and temples.
A)Digambara
B)Mahavira
C)Sthanakavasi
D)Shvetambara
26
What item worn by the Sikh Khalsa symbolizes strength?
A)steel bracelet
B)hair comb
C)sword
D)special underwear
27
How many parts is the Adi Granth divided into?
A)2
B)3
C)4
D)5







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