Sentence parts (subject, verbs, objects, etc.) come arranged in different ways. Here are four sentence patterns that journalists rely on. S/V The simplest sentence pattern is subject + verb.
News spreads.The accident victim sobbed.
(In this case, the verb is intransitive: it does not take an object). S/V/SC If the sentence has a linking verb (the verb be in some form, such as is, were, am, had been — or one of the following verbs — appear, become, feel, grow, look, make, seem, smell, and sound) and a subject complement (a word or words that give more information about the subject), the pattern is subject + verb + subject complement.The driver appeared intoxicated.They are professionals.S/V/O If the sentence has a transitive verb (carries action from a subject to an object) and a direct object (receives the action of the verb), the sentence pattern is subject + verb + direct object.
Professor Figuera threw the textbook.Domestic violence often can lead to murder.Note: S/V/O is a major tool for the journalist. This pattern produces clear, direct writing.S / V / IO / DO If the sentence has a verb followed by an indirect object (names the receiver of the direct object) and a direct object (receives the action of the verb, the pattern is subject + verb + indirect object + direct object.
The editor-in-chief gave the assignment to the newest reporter.Local newspapers inform the public about their communities.Note: For more information on sentence parts, see subsequent sections of Grammar.
Sentence parts (subject, verbs, objects, etc.) come arranged in different ways. Here are four sentence patterns that journalists rely on.