In describing the processes and patterns of spatial interaction, geographers employ the ideas of:
|A)||distance, absolute location, and size|
|B)||distance, location, accessibility, and connectivity|
|C)||distance decay, absolute location and scale|
|D)||relative location, connectivity, and cultural landscape|
The name "geography" was reputedly coined over 2,200 years ago by the Greek scientist:
Which of the following is not a dominating interest characterizing all of geography's subdivisions?
|A)||the spatial variation of physical and human phenomena|
|B)||study of place names|
|D)||spatial systems that link the physical environment and human activities|
Which of the following would not identify an absolute location?
|A)||Township 7 North, Range 2 West|
|B)||38° North, 79° East|
|C)||Lower East Side of New York|
|D)||1600 Pennsylvania Avenue|
Which of the following statements regarding the physical characteristics of a place is incorrect?
|A)||They can simultaneously present advantages and disadvantages with which humans must deal.|
|B)||They dictate exactly the manner in which people will live in an area.|
|C)||They may be changed by human intervention.|
|D)||They may refer to a locality's climate and soil.|
The term "formal region" implies:
|A)||a dynamic organizational unit|
|B)||a hierarchy of territories|
|C)||a system where individual parts are interdependent|
|D)||a uniformity of the attributes within an area|
The culture-environment tradition is primarily concerned with:
|A)||how people perceive the environments they occupy|
|B)||summarizing places by similarities and differences|
|C)||the distribution of cultural phenomena|
|D)||the earth as a purely physical abstraction|
Aside from the local scale, spatial relationships may be traced at:
|D)||regional, national, and global scales|
The distribution of cultural phenomena is the focus of which tradition?
The visible imprint of human activity is known as:
|B)||the attributes of the setting|
|C)||the cultural landscape|
|D)||the natural landscape|
|A)||expresses spatial interconnection and interdependence|
|B)||is defined by an established measurement system|
|C)||is the same as mathematical location|
|D)||provides a legal description|
Diffusion rates are least affected by:
|D)||means of communication|
The term "location matters" refers to:
Distance can be measured:
|A)||as linear, time, cost, or psychological distances|
|B)||only as bridging spaces|
|C)||only as a distance decay principle|
|D)||only by established units of measurement|
According to Strabo, the purpose of geography was:
|A)||caution civilizations against the assumption that the nature and actions of humans were determined by the physical environment|
|B)||create a global grid system|
|C)||describe known parts of the world and to assess the differences among countries|
|D)||explore the apparent latitudinal variations in climate|
|A)||the degree of generalization represented|
|B)||the degree to which places develop and change|
|C)||the size of the map|
|D)||the size of the place|
The cultural landscape:
|A)||cannot be affected by the physical environment|
|B)||exists at different scales and levels of visibility|
|C)||is always detrimental to the physical landscape|
|D)||is static and unchanging|
Earth areas that display significant elements of uniformity are called:
|C)||the cultural landscape|
An example of a functional region is:
|A)||a tropical rain forest|
|B)||the Corn Belt|
|D)||the trade area of a city|
Which of the following is not true with respect to "places"?
|A)||They are unable to interact with other places.|
|B)||They have location.|
|C)||They may be large or small.|
|D)||They may have both physical and cultural characteristics.|
The characteristics of places today are the result of:
|B)||constantly changing past conditions|
|D)||level of education|
|A)||expresses spatial interaction and interdependence|
|B)||is the basis for the expression "location matters"|
|C)||makes the distinction between physical and cultural characteristics|
|D)||records a precise position on the surface of the earth|
Geographers believe that the essential starting point for understanding how people live on and shape the earth's surface is recognizing:
Regional boundaries are marked by:
|A)||arbitrary decisions based upon the scale of the map|
|B)||significant changes in the region's unifying characteristics|
|D)||the boundaries of a city or incorporated political unit|
"Site" refers to the:
|A)||external features of a place|
|B)||precise location of a place|
|C)||proximity to other places|
|D)||the physical and cultural characteristics of a place|
What term refers to how easy or difficult it is to overcome the friction of distance?
Modern geography had its origins in the surge of European scholarly inquiry that began in which century?
Which of the following is not considered a feature of the natural landscape?
Which geography tradition focuses on the study of regions and the recognition of their spatial uniformities and differences?
|A)||Area analysis tradition|
|C)||Earth science tradition|
What term refers to the increasing interconnection of all societies in all parts of the world?
With regard to spatial interaction, telephone lines, road systems and pipelines are all examples of:
Which of the four geography traditions underlies all of geographic inquiry?
|A)||earth science tradition|
|D)||area analysis tradition|
Which of the following is not true about perceptual regions?
|A)||They reflect feelings and images rather than objective data.|
|B)||They are less rigorously structured than formal or functional regions.|
|C)||They are based on the mental maps of ordinary people.|
|D)||They are only expressed at a local scale.|
Which of the following is not considered a feature of the cultural landscape?
"Out West" and "down South" are examples of:
Which of the following is not one of the 3 good reasons identified in the textbook as to why people study geography?
|B)||geography is the only discipline concerned with differing physical and cultural phenomena on the surface of the earth|
|C)||a grasp of geography is vital to understanding the national and international problems highlighted in news reports|
|D)||geographic training opens the way to careers in a wide array of fields|
The concept that, in a spatial sense, everything is related to everything else but relationships are stronger when things are near one another is known as:
|A)||Ptolemy's Fundamental Edict|
|B)||The Original Decree of Geography|
|C)||The Golden Rule of Geography|
|D)||Tobler's First Law of Geography|
The distinctive and distinguishing physical and human characteristics of locales are associated with which of the 5 fundamental themes of geography?
Which of the following correctly lists the 5 fundamental themes of Geography?
|A)||global, national, regional, local, micro|
|B)||cartographic, physical, cultural, environmental, spatial|
|C)||movement, regions, relationships within places, location, place|
|D)||area, space, trends, patterns, time|
Which of the 4 traditions of geography is the branch of the discipline that addresses itself to the earth as the habitat of humans?
|A)||earth science tradition|
|C)||locational (or spatial) tradition|
|D)||area analysis (regional) tradition|
The discipline of geography traces its roots back to the early:
The individual who originally developed the idea of four unifying traditions within which geographers work is:
|A)||William Morris Davis|
|B)||Ellen Churchill Semple|
|C)||William D. Pattison|
|D)||Alexander von Humboldt|