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Multiple Choice Quiz
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Citizens of many ancient Greek city-states decided public issues using
A)majority rule.
B)a decree by an aristocratic governing body.
C)a monarch's executive order.
D)polling to decide public issues.
During the Reformation of the sixteenth century, Protestants
A)began to try to slow the democratizing changes that were occurring in peoples' perception of religion.
B)adopted many of the practices of the Catholic Church that they had sought to reform.
C)began to champion the rule of monarchs in order to diminish the power of the Catholic Church.
D)challenged basic tenets of Catholicism and sought to purify the church
Which of the following is true of the Mayflower Compact?
A)It formed a government but did not establish the consent of the governed.
B)The Pilgrims gave up some liberties so that others would be protected, thus forming a social contract.
C)The Pilgrims attempted to form a social contract but failed to give up enough individual liberties to imbue the government with any real power.
D)The Pilgrims wanted a social contract but refused to be governed by the structure of the government they formed.
Indirect democracy involves
A)citizens choosing government policy by placing those policy options on ballots.
B)a single monarch or leader seeking public advice on policy formation through referendum or popular vote.
C)citizens electing representatives who decide policies on their behalf.
D)the transfer of power from elected representatives to local and community organizations formed by the citizenry.
Rousseau suggested that governments formed by social contract
A)rely on popular sovereignty.
B)have no inherent responsibility toward democracy.
C)may still place primary authority in a monarchical system.
D)involve a relinquishing of rights by the people to a higher authority.
How did Newton's ideas set the stage for the Enlightenment's philosophers?
A)He asserted that the laws that govern human behavior are derived from the nature of humans themselves, and can be universally applied.
B)He argued against the righteousness of absolute monarchies.
C)He argued that individuals possess certain unalienable (or natural) rights.
D)He designed the first theoretical social contract.
In a pure capitalist economy,
A)the means of production are mostly privately owned, with some public ownership by the government.
B)the means of production are privately owned but regulated by the government.
C)businesses pay employees the wage that they are willing to work for, without government intervention such as setting a minimum wage.
D)the marketplace determines the regulation of production, and the government regulates the distribution of goods and services, wages, and prices.
The concept of consent of the governed
A)does not allow for a right of the people to revolt under any circumstance.
B)implies majority rule.
C)suggests that policies can be enacted without a majority support (over 50%) if the opposition to that policy is fragmented among competing policies.
D)runs counter to John Locke's idea of a social contract.
A)seek to eliminate government ownership of the means of production.
B)strongly support a laissez-faire approach to the economy.
C)play a very limited role in modern American politics.
D)had almost no electoral success in American politics until the latter half of the twentieth century.
Which of the following is true of property ownership in America?
A)The concept of property ownership has played a decreasing role in American culture.
B)It is a key component of socialism.
C)It is considered common practice but not a natural right.
D)Some aspects of property ownership are constitutionally protected.
Which two ideologies dominated twentieth-century American politics?
A)liberalism and conservatism
B)liberalism and neoconservatism
C)socialism and conservatism
D)conservatism and libertarianism
How did Chinese Americans attempt to fight the Dog Tag Laws of the 1880s?
A)legal challenges though the Supreme Court
B)violent attacks on local federal buildings
C)civil disobedience
D)election of their own representatives into government in order to repeal the laws
Which of the following did Thomas Hobbes argue for in Leviathan?
A)the benefits of direct democracy
B)the immorality of the social contract
C)the righteousness of the absolute monarch
D)a rejection of the divine right of kings
The factors that have caused the U.S. population to grow include all of the following EXCEPT
B)longer life spans.
C)the birth rate.
D)falling infant mortality rates.
Since what movement of the 1970s has the American family changed drastically?
A)women's liberation
B)suffrage movement
C)civil rights movement
D)conservative movement
Which of the following represents political scientist Michael Delli Carpini's definition of civic engagement?
A)attempts by individuals or groups to improve the lives of fellow citizens
B)individual membership in a community organization that seeks political change through public action
C)individual and collective actions designed to identify and address issues of public concern
D)individual engagement in the political process through voting or advocacy on a political issue
In terms of the political context described in the text, "efficacy" refers to
A)a person's belief that he or she has the ability to achieve something desirable and that the government genuinely listens to individuals.
B)the government's ability to implement the policies that it votes into law.
C)the ability of government to manage the expectations of the electorate.
D)a person's belief in the ability of the ideology that he or she supports to bring about a better system of government.
What has led many scholars to develop various multidimensional scales to represent people's ideologies?
A)the contradictions within traditional and other ideologies
B)the rapid diversification of the electorate
C)the broad shift of the electorate away from conservative ideologies
D)the rapidly increasing complexity of citizens' belief systems
Which of the following is true of the recent broad demographic shift in the United States?
A)The Southeast showed the greatest rate of population loss.
B)The Midwest and Plains states had the highest rate of population growth.
C)The West and the Midwest had the highest rates of population growth.
D)The Midwest and Plains states reported a loss in population, while the South and West showed high growth.
Which of the following is NOT one of the key functions performed by government in the United States and other nations?
A)protect sovereign territory and the citizenry
B)establish and maintain a legal system
C)raise and spend money
D)protect new generations from socialization

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