Schaefer, Sociology Matters,3e
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Table of Contents

Sociology Matters, 3/e

Richard T. Schaefer, DePaul University

ISBN: 0073528110
Copyright year: 2008

Table of Contents

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Table of Contents (179.0K)

Chapter 1: The Sociological View

  • What Is Sociology
  • The Sociological Imagination
    Sociology and the Social Sciences
    Sociology and Common Sense
  • What is Sociological Theory?
  • The Development of Sociology
  • Early Thinkers: Comte, Martineau, and Spencer
    Emile Durkheim
    Max Weber
    Karl Marx
    Modern Developments
  • Major Theoretical Perspectives
  • Functionalist Perspective
    Conflict Perspective
    Interactionist Perspective
    The Sociological Approach
  • What Is the Scientific Method?
  • Defining the Problem
    Reviewing the Literature
    Formulating the Hypothesis
    Collecting and Analyzing Data
    Developing the Conclusion
    In Summary: The Scientific Method
  • Major Research Designs
  • Surveys
    Use of Existing Sources
  • Ethics of Research
  • Applied and Clinical Sociology
  • Summary

Chapter 2: Culture and Socialization

  • Culture and Society
  • Development of Culture around the World
  • Cultural Universals
    Globalization, Diffusion, and Technology
  • Elements of Culture
  • Language
  • Culture and the Dominant Ideology
  • Cultural Variation
  • Subcultures
    Culture Shock
    Cultural Relativism
  • The Role of Socialization
  • Environment: The Impact of Isolation
    Heredity: The Impact of Biology
  • The Self and Socialization
  • Cooley: Looking Class Self
    Mead: stages of the Self
    Mead: Theory of the Self
    Goffman: Presentation of the Self
  • Socialization and the Life Course
  • The Life Course
    Anticipatory Socialization and Resocialization
  • Agents of Socialization
  • Family
    Peer Group
    Mass Media and Technology
    The State
  • Summary

Chapter 3: Social Structure, Groups, and Organizations

  • Defining and Reconstructing reality
  • Elements of social Structure
  • Statuses
    Social Roles
    Social Networks and Technology
    Social Institutions
  • Social Structure in Global Perspective
  • Tonnies's Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft
    Lenski's Sociocultural Evolution Approach
  • Understanding Organizations
  • Formal Organizations and Bureaucracies
    Characteristics of a Bureaucracy
    Bureaucracy and Organizational Culture
    The Changing Workplace
  • Summary

Chapter 4: Deviance and Social Control

  • Social Control
  • Conformity and Obedience
    Informal and Formal Social Control
    Law and Society
  • What is Deviance?
  • Explaining Deviance
  • Functionalist Perspective
    Interactionalist Perspective
    Labeling Theory
    Conflict Theory
    Feminist Perspective
  • Crime
  • Types of Crime
    Crime Statistics
  • Summary

Chapter 5: Stratification in the United States and Global Inequality

  • Understanding Stratification
  • Systems of Stratification
    Perspectives on Stratification
    Is Stratification Universal?
  • Stratification by Social Class
  • Measuring Social Class
    Wealth and Income
    Life Chances
  • Social Mobility
  • Open versus Closed Stratification Systems
    Types of Social Mobility
    Social Mobility and the United States
  • Global Inequality
  • Legacy of Colonialism
    Multinational Corporations
  • Summary

Chapter 6: Inequality by Race and Ethnicity

  • The Privileges of the Dominant
  • The Social Construction of Race and Ethnicity
  • Race, Ethnicity, and Minority Groups
  • Minority Groups
  • Immigration and New Ethnic Groups
  • History of Immigration
    Functions of Immigration
    The Conflict Approach to Immigration
  • Explaining Inequality by Race and Ethnicity
  • The Functionalist View
    The Conflict Response
    The Interactionist Approach
  • Pattern of Prejudice and Discrimination
  • Discriminatory Behavior
    Institutional Discrimination
    Measuring Discrimination
  • Summary

Chapter 7: Inequality of Gender

  • The Social Construction of Gender
  • Gender-Role Socialization
    Women's and Men's Gender Roles
    A Cross-Cultural Perspective
  • Explaining Inequality by Gender
  • The Functionalist View
    The Conflict Response
    The Feminist Perspective
    The Interactionist Perspective
  • Women: The Oppressed Majority
  • Sexism and Sex Discrimination
    Sexual Harassment
    The Status of Women Worldwide
    Women in the Workforce of the United States
    The Social Consequences of Women's Employment
  • The Double Jeopardy of Minority Women
  • Summary

Chapter 8: Social Institutions: Family and Religion

  • Studying Social Institutions
  • Functionalist View
    Conflict View
    Interactionist View
  • The Family: A Global View
  • Composition: What Is the Family?
    Kinship Patterns: To Whom Are We Related?
    Authority Patterns: Who Rules?
  • Studying the Family
  • Functionalist View
    Conflict View
    Interactionist View
    Feminist View
  • Religion as a Social Institution
  • The Integrative Function of Religion
    Religion and Social Support
    Religion and Social Change
    Religion and Social Control: A Conflict View
  • Religious Behavior
  • Belief
  • Summary

Chapter 9: Social Institutions: Education, Government, and the Economy

  • Sociological Perspectives on Education
  • Functionalist View

Chapter 10: Population, Community, Health, and the Environment

  • Demography: The Study of Population
  • Malthus's thesis and Marx's Response
    Studying Population Today
    Elements of Demography
  • How did Communities Originate?
  • Early Communities
    Preindustrial Cities
    Industrial and Postindustrial Cities
  • Urbanization and Its Consequences
  • Functionalist View: Urban Ecology
    Conflict View: New Urban Sociology
  • Health and Illness: Sociological Perspectives
  • Functionalist Approach
    Conflict Approach
    Interactionist Approach
    Labeling Approach
  • Social Epidemiology
  • Social Class
    Race and Ethnicity
  • The Environment: The World and Our Place In It
  • Environmental Problems: An Overview
    Human Ecology
    A Conflict View of Environmental Issues
    Environmental Justice
  • Summary

Chapter 11: Social Movements, Social Change, and Technology

  • Social Movements
  • The Relative Deprivation Approach
    The Resource Mobilization Approach
    Gender and Social Movements
    New Social Movements
  • Theories of Social Change
  • Evolutionary Theory
    Functionalist Theory
    Conflict Theory
    Global Social Change
  • Resistance to Social Change
  • Economic and Cultural Factors
    Resistance to Technology
  • Technology and the Future
  • Computer Technology
  • Technology and Society
  • Culture and Social Interaction
    Social Control
    Stratification and Inequality
  • Summary
  • Glossary
  • References
  • Acknowledgments
  • Photo Credits
  • Index
Schaefer: Sociology Matters

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