A job ad reads "looking for a motivated, team-focused individual with expertise in research design and experience using the SPSS software program for data analysis; bachelor's degree required, master's preferred." Within a KSAO job analysis, which of the following would be the skill required for this job?
|A)||being motivated and team-focused|
|B)||understanding research design|
|C)||being able to use SPSS|
|D)||having a bachelor's or master's degree|
Which of the following is most focused on the characteristics of the worker?
|B)||human relations approach|
Asking an interviewee for a job whether she views lying in a negative light is an example of a(n)
A supervisor who rates all her employees harshly on their annual assessments is engaging in
|A)||a leniency error.|
|B)||the halo effect.|
|C)||a central tendency error.|
|D)||a severity error.|
Which of the following is an example of 360-degree feedback?
|A)||an employee receiving feedback on her ability to successfully demonstrate required knowledge, skills, and abilities|
|B)||an employee receiving feedback that has been completed by two supervisors, so as to avoid rating errors|
|C)||an employee evaluating her own performance and sharing that with her supervisor|
|D)||an employee receiving feedback from her supervisor, her peer, and her subordinate|
Which of the following is an example of a Theory Y management strategy?
|A)||providing employees with a predictable work day that does not deviate from week-to-week|
|B)||encouraging employees to take responsibility for their own work activities|
|C)||setting up routes of communication so that employees speak with their immediate supervisors; supervisors speak to managers; and managers speak to owners/CEOs|
|D)||punishing employees for being tardy to work|
Allowing employees to focus in on job activities that are most consistent with their individual talents is an example of
|B)||Theory X management.|
An employee who decides to stay at a workplace because she is concerned about the lack of other job prospects or because she does not want to relocate has
Rank the following views of people's work in order from least amount of personal meaning to most.
|A)||career, job, calling|
|B)||calling, job, career|
|C)||job, career, calling|
|D)||career, calling, job|
Which of the following is an example of role conflict?
|A)||a worker who is going through a divorce and is unable to complete his job responsibilities|
|B)||a worker who is having conflict with one of her subordinates|
|C)||a worker who has just been promoted to supervisor and who is having problems relating to her supervisees|
|D)||a worker who is being sexually harassed by his co-worker|
The field of study that combines engineering with psychology to create products that are safe and efficient for people to use is called
A job analysis includes a focus on which of the following?
|A)||the economic value of a specified occupation|
|C)||creation of an employee manual|
|D)||providing employees with feedback about their job performance|
An interviewer feels certain that he can tell who is lying in a job interview. His certainty in his ability is an example of
|A)||the halo effect.|
|C)||central tendency bias.|
Sandy is interviewing for a job as a technical writer. She is asked to provide the interviewer with a five-page example of her writing. This example of her writing is known as a(n)
Asking an interviewee questions that can be verified through permanent records is called
|A)||a biographical interview.|
|B)||a structured interview.|
|C)||an integrity test.|
Which of the following historical events was instrumental in the development of industrial/organizational psychology?
|A)||the advent of the internet|
|B)||the influx of women into the workforce|
|C)||the first world war|
|D)||the industrial revolution|
Time and motion studies focus on
|A)||the time and effort it takes to train a new employee.|
|B)||the number of physical motions required to complete a work-related task.|
|C)||the ways in which machines can be built to make humans safer and more efficient.|
|D)||ways to avoid injury in tasks that require repetitive motion.|
A worker who feels a personal stake in the company and whose ideas are valued by the company will likely
|B)||perform well when a supervisor is present but perform poorly when alone.|
|D)||perform poorly when a supervisor is present but perform well when alone.|
Instructing employees on specific parts of the job that they may not have experience with is called
Which of the following will be best at decreasing job stress?
|A)||finding a job that is not challenging|
|B)||engaging in meaningful leisure activities outside of work|
|C)||"sucking it up" and just doing the job|
|D)||focusing on work demands at the expense of getting adequate sleep|