When you have studied this chapter, you should be able to:
- Identify the operations involved in the information‑processing view of memory and understand the stage theory of memory.
- Discuss the role of the sensory register in the stage theory of memory.
- Define short‑term memory , and describe how its life span and capacity can be influenced.
- Discuss differences between short‑term memory and long‑term memory.
- Distinguish among three kinds of long‑term memory: procedural, episodic, and semantic.
- Discuss the organization of memory in long‑term memory.
- Identify different ways of measuring the retrieval of information from long‑term memory.
- Explain serial learning and the "tip of the tongue" phenomenon.
- Distinguish between deep and shallow processing in the levels of processing model, and describe the role of elaboration.
- Distinguish among the major theories of forgetting: decay theory, interference theory, reconstruction (schema) theory, and motivated forgetting.
- Discuss how culture influences memory.
- Describe the synaptic theories of memory.
- Distinguish between anterograde amnesia and retrograde amnesia.
- Discuss the results of research relating eyewitness testimony and memory.