In the most famous picture of Laozi (Lao Tzu), he rides
According to the traditional story, Laozi wrote down his teachings only because
|A)||a border guard would not let him pass until he did so.|
|B)||his students and disciples begged him.|
|C)||a request came from Confucius.|
|D)||he needed money.|
According to the Daoists, if one leaves behind desires for individual things, one will
|B)||be reborn to a better life.|
|C)||see things differently.|
Which is not a Daoist value?
|C)||sensing movements of nature|
In Zhuangzi's (Chuang Tzu's) famous dream, he was not certain that he was not
Daoists view death as
|A)||a great evil.|
|B)||a predictable transformation of nature.|
|C)||an offering to the ancestors.|
|D)||necessary for one's next rebirth.|
By his teachings, Confucius hoped to
|A)||counter the influx of Buddhism into China.|
|B)||produce virtuous people and create a harmonious society.|
|C)||make a break with the past and focus China on the future.|
|D)||draw people closer to Tian (Heaven).|
Confucius thought the most important relationship was
Which was not an additional virtue endorsed by Confucius?
To a great extent in Confucianism, people are
|A)||selfish and need strict guidelines.|
|B)||naturally good and best left alone.|
For Confucius, a person who follows the way of heaven
|A)||avoids extremes and remains in harmony with others.|
|B)||lives close to nature.|
|C)||may be a great warrior.|
|D)||is always meek and humble.|
The most liberal thinkers in ancient China were
|D)||followers of Xunzi.|
The main thrust of the Cultural Revolution was to
|A)||renew and reform Confucianism.|
|B)||stamp out the last vestiges of capitalism in China.|
|C)||break with the past and all that was antiquated.|
|D)||install the communists as the new leaders of China.|
"No action," "no strain"; doing only what comes spontaneously and naturally; effortlessly.
The active aspect of reality that expresses itself in speech, light, and heat,
The strictest of Chinese philosophical schools, which advocated strong laws and punishments.
A Chinese school of philosophy that taught universal love.
Empathy, consideration for others, humaneness; a Confucian virtue.
An ancient Confucian book of divination, one of the Five Classics, still in use today.
The legendary founder of Daoism.
Cultural refinement; a Confucian virtue
The life force.
Appropriate action, ritual, propriety, etiquette.
Reciprocity; a Confucian virtue.
"Noble person," the refined human ideal of Confucianism.
The mysterious origin of the universe that is present and visible in everything.
Concerning the origins of Daoism, scholars today point to
|A)||the historical founder, Laozi.|
|B)||the Yijing, the Book of Changes.|
|C)||the legendary Jade Emperor.|
|D)||a multiplicity of possible sources that coalesced into a movement.|