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Developmental Psychology


When students have studied this chapter, they should be able to:

  1. Define development and developmental psychology.


  2. Identify imprinting, and describe the importance of critical periods.


  3. Explain the impact of early social deprivation on development.


  4. Explain the role of individual variation in development.


  5. Identify the characteristics common to stage theories of development.


  6. Identify and discuss Kohlberg's three levels of moral reasoning: premoral, conventional, and principled.


  7. Compare and contrast Gilligan's and Kohlberg's theories of moral development.


  8. Describe Erikson's stage theory of personality development, and list the stages of personality development.


  9. Differentiate between the developmental stages termed the "neonatal period" and "infancy."


  10. Identify the cognitive, emotional, and social aspects of development during infancy (i.e., sensorimotor stage).


  11. Identify the cognitive, emotional, and social aspects of development during early childhood (i.e., preoperational stage).


  12. Identify the cognitive, emotional, and social aspects of development during middle childhood (i.e., concrete operational stage).


  13. Explain the changes that occur in physical development during puberty, including primary and secondary sex characteristics, menarche, and the adolescent growth spurt,


  14. Identify the cognitive, emotional, and social aspects of development during adolescence (i.e., formal operational stage).


  15. Identify the physical, cognitive, emotional and social aspects of development in adulthood.


  16. Contrast Erikson's and Levinson's views of adult personality development.


  17. Define climacteric, and discuss how it affects men and women.


  18. Explain the controversies associated with the stage theories of adulthood.


  19. Discuss the biological and psychological changes that are involved in aging and longevity.


  20. Identify and explain the stages of dying identified by Kübler-Ross.


  21. Discuss the complexities of parenting.










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