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Multiple Choice Quiz
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What is the difference between ethnicity and race?
A)Race is a biological reality, while ethnicity is a cultural construction.
B)Ethnicity is the politically correct term for race.
C)A race is an ethnic group that is assumed to have a biological basis.
D)The terms are synonymous.
E)An ethnicity is a racial group that is assumed to have a biological basis.
Which of the following refers to identification with, and feeling part of, a cultural tradition and exclusion from other cultural traditions?
B)status shifting
C)imagined community
What is status?
A)Status is something you acquire through enculturation.
B)Status encompasses those things you wish you had, but don't.
C)Status refers to the personal qualities that you inherit from your parents.
D)Status encompasses all of the identities that a person may occupy in different contexts.
E)Status encompasses the various positions that people occupy in society.
Which of the following is an achieved status?
C)forty years old
Which of the following is an ascribed status?
D)college student
Historically, scientists have approached the study of human biological diversity in two main ways:
A)racial classification (still widely accepted) and the explanatory approach (now largely abandoned).
B)racial classification (now largely abandoned) and the explanatory approach (in current use).
C)cultural classification and the macrogenetics approach.
D)DNA sampling and intelligence testing.
E)Scientists find all methods equally acceptable for the study of human biological diversity.
Attempts to assign humans to discreet racial categories based on common ancestry are
A)culturally arbitrary, even though most people assume them to be based in biology.
B)actually an effort to uncover and pay tribute to people's ancestry.
C)based on genotypic rather than phenotypic characteristics.
D)based on global racial categories that vary little among societies.
E)more important than ever given the popularity of diversity initiatives in many countries.
Attempts at human racial classification typically used phenotypic traits (e.g., skin color) as markers of common ancestry, but many such traits do not reflect shared genetic material. Instead, they are
A)often the result of genetic mimicry.
B)often the result of different populations biologically adapting to similar environmental stressors in similar ways.
C)not as effective at these attempts as genotypic traits that do reflect shared genetic material.
D)not as effective at these attempts as homologies which do reflect shared genetic material.
E)not as effective as analogies which do reflect shared genetic material.
All of the following are true about human skin color except:
A)The amount of melanin in the skin affects the body's production of vitamin D.
B)Skin color varies due to differences in ultraviolet radiation between different regions of the world.
C)Light skin is at a selective advantage outside of the tropics because it admits ultraviolet radiation which causes the body to manufacture vitamin D and thus prevent rickets and osteoporosis.
D)The amount of melanin in the skin affects the body's ability to process lactose.
E)Light skin is at a selective disadvantage in the tropics because it is more susceptible to the destruction of folate that is needed to produce folic acid that protects against neural tube defects in human embryos.
The American Anthropological Association's statement on the biology and politics of race makes all of the following points except:
A)Human populations are not unambiguous, clearly demarcated, biologically distinct groups.
B)Evidence from the analysis of genetics indicates that most physical variation, about 94%, lies within so-called racial groups.
C)"Race" as it is understood in the United States of America was a social mechanism invented during the 18th century to refer to those populations brought together in colonial America: the English and other European settlers, the conquered Indian peoples, and those peoples of Africa brought in to provide slave labor.
D)When classifying humans, it is important to make a distinction between social and biological race.
E)Racial myths bear no relationship to the reality of human capabilities or behavior.
Which of the following statements regarding the burakumin is true?
A)They are full citizens of Japan.
B)Their residences are dispersed in and among the residences of nonburakumin.
C)They typically perform manual labor to make a living.
D)They are physically and genetically different from the rest of the Japanese population.
E)Their status as outcasts originated just after World War II.
One of the major differences between Brazilian and American racial taxonomies is that
A)Brazilians enjoy a truly race-blind society.
B)American categories are "purer" than Brazilian categories.
C)there are no important differences between the two taxonomies.
D)Brazilian racial categories are based on genotype, whereas American categories are based on phenotype.
E)in the United States, social race is determined at birth and does not change, but in Brazil, race can change from day to day.
Which of the following statements regarding assimilation is not true?
A)Assimilation best describes the process by which immigrants are integrated into Brazilian society.
B)Like Brazil, the U.S. is an assimilationist society.
C)Assimilation is best represented by the "melting pot" model.
D)Assimilation involves minority groups giving up their old traditions and adopting the patterns and norms of the host country.
E)Assimilationist societies generally lack ethnic neighborhoods.
The term "nation"
A)is synonymous with "tribe."
B)is synonymous with "ethnic group."
C)is synonymous with "imagined community."
D)has come to mean "state."
E)is socially constructed and dynamic, its definition constantly changing.
A plural society
A)combines ethnic contrasts and economic interdependence of the ethnic groups.
B)has many different official religions.
C)has many different official languages.
D)is a society that has been colonized by more than one colonial power.
E)is one in which ethnicities have been replaced by pluralities.

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