Which of the following is NOT one of the four goals of psychology?
|A)||to explain behavior|
|B)||to influence behavior|
|C)||to describe behavior|
|D)||to prevent behavior|
Which statement about the scientific basis of psychology is MOST accurate?
|A)||Psychologists state the facts, formulate and test hypotheses, and then propose theories.|
|B)||Psychologists formulate theories and then test their theories with hypotheses.|
|C)||Psychologists who view psychology as an applied science conduct long-term research to discover more about behavior.|
|D)||An example of a psychologist involved in basic science would be a psychologist applying basic psychological principles to the design of a toy that appeals to infants.|
Which is the correct order of the scientific method used by psychologists in their studies?
|A)||identify question, formulate hypothesis, collect data, analyze data|
|B)||analyze data, identify question, formulate hypothesis, collect data|
|C)||collect data, analyze data, identify question, formulate hypothesis|
|D)||formulate hypothesis, identify question, collect data, analyze data|
Which of the following statements about the early history of psychology is NOT true?
|A)||The Greeks, who studied human behavior in the fifth and sixth centuries B.C., determined that people were rational.|
|B)||The scientific discoveries of the Renaissance refined the concept of experimentation through observation.|
|C)||In the seventeenth century, Rene? Descartes promoted the popular idea of dualism, the concept that mind and body are separate and distinct.|
|D)||Wilhelm Wundt created the Laboratory of Psychology in 1879 and is credited with establishing the study of psychology as a separate, formal field of study.|
____ is known as the "father of psychology" in the United States.
|C)||Sir Francis Galton|
_____ is the study of how sensations are assembled into perceptual experiences.
_____ used the methods of free association and dream analysis to study his patients' unconscious processes.
|D)||Sir Francis Galton|
Ivan Pavlov's studies involving a dog and a tuning fork led to the behavioral known as a result of ____.
Humanists describe human nature as ____.
|A)||the result of inheritable traits|
|B)||evolving and self-directed|
|C)||the result of learning, remembering, and social interactions|
|D)||the result of our physiological makeup|
Which of the following is NOT true about professional psychologists?
|A)||About half of all psychologists are clinical psychologists.|
|B)||Developmental psychologists study the interaction between physical and psychological health factors.|
|C)||Counseling psychologists work in schools or industrial firms advising people on problems of everyday life.|
|D)||Environmental psychologists study the effects of the environment on people.|
All of the following are activities of the psychologist EXCEPT ____.
|B)||administering and interpreting personality tests|