Understanding Psychology

Chapter 4: Adolescence

Multiple Choice Quiz

All the following are physical characteristics of puberty EXCEPT ____.
A)initiation rites
B)menarche in girls
C)spermarche in boys
Which of the following statements regarding adolescence is NOT TRUE?
A)Margaret Mead's anthropological studies concluded that adolescent stress is a by-product of an industrialized society.
B)Studies conducted since Mead's work have tended to contradict her idea that culture plays a role in development.
C)In 1988, a report indicated that most adolescents enjoy positive, healthy development during their teenage years.
D)According to Robert Havighurst, adolescents face developmental tasks which include becoming emotionally independent of parents and acquiring socially appropriate values.
Abstinence is ____.
A)fear of societal pressures
B)fear of sexually transmitted diseases
C)fear of pregnancy
D)choosing not to have sex.
Formal operations thinking involves ____ thinking.
D)a choice to avoid premarital sex and using drugs
Adolescents tend to become very idealistic because they are for the first time able to ____.
A)follow up their ideas with actions
B)imagine how things might be
C)find fault with authority figures
D)feel invulnerable
Which statement about an adolescent's search for personal identity is TRUE?
A)The social learning theory of personality development states that an identity crisis will inevitably occur in adolescence.
B)Psychologists Erik Erickson and James Marcia contended that the social environment is the primary influence of adolescent identity formation.
C)Albert Bandura's social learning theory states that individuals develop by interacting with others.
D)Margaret Mead's work demonstrated that adolescents act predictably in their search for personal identity regardless of where they live.
In James Marcia's theory of the adolescent's search for personal identity, identity foreclosure refers to adolescents who ____.
A)have not had a crisis but have made commitments in their identity
B)have not had a crisis or made any commitments
C)are in a continual search for self-definition
D)have experienced crisis and made commitments
Peer influence is usually greater than parental influence in adolescent decisions concerning all the following EXCEPT ____.
C)educational plans
D)school-related issues
Which of the following statements about parental involvement in an adolescent's life is MOST ACCURATE?
A)Research shows that peer groups influence adolescent's religious choices.
B)One of the principal developmental tasks for adolescents is to become independent of their families.
C)Research shows that adolescents want their parents to be stricter when enforcing family rules.
D)It is important for parents to take an interest in their children, even if it means compromising the adolescents' privacy.
All of the following statements about the difficulties that some adolescents encounter are true EXCEPT ____.
A)Troubled adolescents, left untreated, will eventually outgrow their conditions.
B)The occurrence of teenage suicide has nearly tripled over the past 50 years.
C)A depressed teenager may express depression by showing anger.
D)Anorexia and bulimia nervosa are eating disorders caused by psychological problems.
Which statement about gender identity and gender role is NOT true?
A)Gender identity is one's physical makeup while gender role is defined primarily by society.
B)Gender role is one's physical makeup while gender identity is defined primarily by society.
C)Gender roles vary from one society to another and can change over time within a given society.
D)Gender roles that become rigid are called gender stereotypes.
Personality differences between men and women include ____.
A)females talk more than males, and interrupt males more while they are talking
B)females are more confident in academic areas than males
C)females tend to engage in verbal aggression while males engage in physical aggression
D)females use fewer disclaimers than males
In the cognitive-developmental theory, ____ is the term used to describe a mental representation of behavior that helps a child organize and categorize behaviors according to gender.
A)gender schema
C)gender role
D)gender identity
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