The ____ receive messages from other neurons and send them to the cell body.
Which statement about the functions of the nervous system is NOT TRUE?
|A)||A pupil dilating in bright light is an example of a response controlled by the autonomic nervous system.|
|B)||The somatic nervous system controls such actions as your hand lifting a fork.|
|C)||The sympathetic nervous system helps people cope during emergencies.|
|D)||The parasympathetic nervous system prepares the body for strenuous activity by speeding up the heart.|
In the brain, the ____ controls the functions of hunger, thirst, and sexual behavior.
Our higher thinking processes--those which make us unique--are housed in the ____.
Which statement about the functions of the brain is NOT TRUE?
|A)||The left hemisphere of the cortex controls the right side of the body.|
|B)||A person who suffers stroke damage to the left side of the cortex may have difficulty speaking.|
|C)||The limbic system, found in the forebrain, regulates emotions and motivations.|
|D)||The two hemispheres of the cerebrum communicate through the pons.|
Psychobiologists use all the following to study the brain EXCEPT ____.
Which statement about the endocrine system is MOST ACCURATE?
|A)||Because they release hormones directly into the bloodstream, the sweat glands and tear glands are examples of ductless glands.|
|B)||The endocrine system releases its hormones through small holes onto the surface of the body.|
|C)||The pituitary gland secretes many hormones, and the hypothalamus monitors and corrects any imbalances.|
|D)||The thyroid gland is called the "master gland" because it secretes a large number of hormones.|
In males, the sex hormone ____ is responsible for the growth of male sex characteristics.
If identical twins that were raised in separate and very different households share the same talents and habits, then it probably means that ____.
|A)||genetics played an important role in their behaviors|
|B)||environment played an important role in their behaviors|
|C)||genetics did not play a role in their behaviors|
|D)||environment did not play a role in their behaviors|
Which statement about research on the effects of heredity and environment on behavior is MOST ACCURATE?
|A)||John Watson, who emphasized the importance of environment, proved that nurture is more important than nature.|
|B)||In Hereditary Genius, Sir Francis Galton concluded that heredity and environment were jointly responsible for a person's success.|
|C)||Current research supports the idea that behavior can be changed regardless of genetic tendencies.|
|D)||Current research supports the idea that environment has little effect on changing behavior directed by genetic code.|