Understanding Psychology

Chapter 12: Motivation and Emotion

Multiple Choice Quiz

The experiment in which the infant monkeys preferred a cloth surrogate mother helped to disprove the drive-reduction theory of motivation because it showed that ____.
A)instinct motivated the monkeys
B)positive incentives motivated the monkeys
C)external rewards motivated the monkeys
D)psychological, not just physiological needs, motivated the monkeys
Which of the following is an example of extrinsic motivation?
A)You study physics every night because you feel you should.
B)You study physics every night because you find it interesting.
C)You study physics every night because you would like to win a science competition.
D)You study physics every night because of your future aspirations.
____ is the reason you get hungry when the amount of glucose in your blood drops.
B)The ventromedial hypothalamus
C)Your set-point
D)The instinct theory
Which of the following statements corresponds to a fear of failure?
A)"I'm too busy to go to the party."
B)"I'm not going to apply for the scholarship because my grade point average doesn't meet its requirements."
C)"I'm not going to try out for the gymnastics team because I wouldn't make it any how."
D)"I'm too scared to ride the roller coaster!"
Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs states that ____.
A)self-actualization needs are at the top of the hierarchy, and therefore satisfied first
B)psychological needs, required for the realization of one's unique potential, are the second level
C)fundamental needs include the needs to love and be loved
D)people seek to satisfy the needs of the second level only after their fundamental needs are met
Critics argue against the James-Lange theory with all the following arguments EXCEPT ____.
A)Some emotions, such as anger or fear, are not necessarily associated with physiological reactions.
B)Physiological reactions form the basis for labeling and experiencing emotions.
C)Complex emotions, such as love or jealousy, require interpretation and thought on our part.
D)The theory does not consider our own cognitive influences on emotions.
The ____ theory states that physical changes and thinking work together to produce emotions.
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