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Philosophy: The Power of Ideas
Philosophy: The Power of Ideas, 5/e
Brooke Moore
Kenneth Bruder

Powerful Ideas


Aesthetics  The philosophical study of art and of value judgments about art and of beauty in general.
Appeals to Emotion  Flawed reasoning that tried to establish conclusions solely by attempting to arouse or play on the emotions of the audience.
Argument  A series of propositions, one of which is supposedly supported by the others.
Argument ad hominem  The mistaken idea that you can successfully challenge any view by criticizing the person whose view it is.
Begging the question  The fallacy that involves assuming as a premise the very conclusion that the argument is intended to prove.
Black-or-white fallacy  An argument that limits us to two options when in fact more options exist.
Conclusion  The proposition you are trying to establish in an argument.
Epistemology  The branch of philosophy concerned primarily with the nature and possibility of knowledge.
Ethics  The branch of philosophy that considers the nature, criteria, sources, logic, and validity of moral value judgments.
Fallacy  A commonly made mistake in reasoning.
Logic  The study of the methods, principles, and criteria of correct reasoning.
Metaphysics  The branch of philosophy that studies the nature and fundamental features of being.
Normative ethics  A system of moral value judgments together with their justifications.
Political philosophy  The philosophical study of the state, its justification, and its ethically proper organization.
Premises  In an argument, the propositions or reasoning you give for accepting the conclusion of an argument.
Red herring  The fallacy of addressing a point other than the one actually at issue.
Social philosophy  The philosophical study of society and its institutions; concerned especially with determining the features of the idea or best society.
Straw man  The fallacy of trying to refute someone's view by misrepresenting it.