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Contemporary's GED Social Studies
Kenneth Tamarkin
Jeri W. Bayer

Comprehending Social Studies Materials

Chapter Outline


(See page 27)

Comprehension: the ability to understand what something means

Summarizing the Main Idea

(See pages 27–32)

To summarize the main idea in social studies materials means finding the key thought.

  • The main idea is often stated near the beginning or end of a speech, article, or report.
  • The title of an illustration may also give a clue about its main idea.
  • When the main idea is not stated directly, you must infer, or read between the lines.

Restating Information

(See pages 33–38)

When you restate something, you paraphrase it, or put it into your own words.

  • Your words are different from the original words, but the meaning is the same.
  • Information from text or illustrations can be restated.

Identifying Implications

(See pages 39–42)

Implications are ideas that are suggested, or implied, but not stated directly.

  • When a writer implies an idea, you must infer it.
  • Advertisements and commercials regularly rely on the power of implication to be persuasive.
  • Line graphs are especially effective in showing trends from which to draw implications.