Questions 1 and 2 refer to the following map and information.
In 1956 President Dwight Eisenhower signed into law the Federal-Aid Highway Act. The largest public works project in the nation’s history, it provided for more than $32 billion over 13 years to create a 41,000-mile system of interstate highways.
Questions 3 through 5 refer to the following information.
Report to the Twenty-Third Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 1966Prerevolutionary Russia was an economically backward country. It was . . . a land of the sledgehammer and the wheelbarrow, the wooden plow and the spinning wheel. Despite its rich mineral deposits, the country was acutely short of metal. Its numerous villages were illuminated at night by the miserable flame of a smoky splinter. The people lived in want and overwhelming ignorance . . .
From the time of this report, just five decades had passed since the day the October Revolution of 1917 was won in Russia, and the Bolsheviks (later called Communists) took power into their own hands. In 1922 the United Soviet Socialists Republic (U.S.S.R., or Soviet Union) was established. By 1966 the face of the country had changed beyond recognition. It was no longer the underdeveloped country it used to be, but a much stronger and more prosperous land, yet the people were controlled by the dictates of the Communist Party. In time, the people demanded greater freedom from the central government. In 1991 Communist rule ended. The Soviet Union was dissolved, and the Soviet republics declared their independence. Power was in the hands of the people.
Question 6 refers to the information and chart below.
In the 1920s, as many as 30 million Americans invested in the stock market. They purchased shares of ownership in companies that they hoped to sell later at a higher price. Throughout the decade, stock prices rose steadily. However, in a rush of panic selling, the stock market "crashed" in October 1929, and the Great Depression began.The chart below gives the stock prices of selected companies before and during the Great Depression.Stock Prices Among Selected CompaniesCompanyHighest PriceLowest Price in 1929in 1932AT&T$310.25$69.75General Electric$403.00$8.50General Motors$91.75$7.58Sears, Roebuck$46.37$9.75
Question 7 refers to the following information.
During the 1960 presidential campaign, John F. Kennedy criticized the Eisenhower administration for letting the United States fall behind the Soviet Union in military might. In particular, Kennedy charged that there was a "missile gap" developing between the Untied States and the Soviet Union.
Questions 8 through 10 refer to the following cartoon.
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