Question 1 refers to the following information.
An American president has ten days excluding Sundays to either veto a bill or sign it into law. But if legislation comes before him fewer than ten days before Congress adjourns, he may exercise a pocket veto. That is, the president "pockets" the legislation so that Congress goes home without the bill being signed and without having a chance to override a formal veto.
Questions 2 and 3 refer to the following information.
In 1986 leaders of Britain and France signed an agreement to link their countries by a 31-mile tunnel under the English Channel. The completed tunnel can carry 25 million people each year. Two rail tunnels, joined to a service tunnel, can carry autos, buses, and large trucks under the Channel in 30 minutes. The rail link speeds travelers from London to Paris in 3 hours and 15 minutes. Before the tunnel was completed, travel time by train and ferry was 6½ hours. The time needed to transport goods from the English Midlands to the manufacturing region of the Ruhr Basin in West Germany has been reduced from 4½ to 2½ days.
Question 4 refers to the following graph.
Questions 5 and 6 refer to the following information.
The spirit of laissez-faire and the belief in rugged individualism dominated early American thinking. Nowhere was this more evident than in the settling of the frontier. How the public domain was used was up to the individual settler. And look at the results.
Much of New England’s soil was too thin and stony for crops. It had a surface fertility, however, so it was cleared, put under the plow, and soon depleted. In the Piedmont region of the south, land too steep for cultivation was distributed to settlers who planted in tobacco and cotton. The harvest was eroded soil. In the semi-arid Plains, lands subject to drought and raked by dust storms were given to homesteaders. The farming was so bad that 15 million of those acres were soon abandoned.
In these and many other cases, the unplanned nature of settlement impoverished both the soil and the people who tried to live on it.
Question 7 refers to the following cartoon.
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Question 8 refers to the following graph.
Questions 9 and 10 refer to the following set of graphs.