Question 1 refers to the following map.
Questions 2 and 3 refer to the following information.
President Lincoln’s plans for the post-Civil War period included an end to military rule in the South. He proposed to allow new southern state governments that vowed loyalty to the Union. In Lincoln’s view, the southern states had never really seceded; rather, some of their inhabitants had rebelled. Those southerners who would take oaths to support the Constitution and outlaw slavery in their states were to be pardoned. When 10 percent of a state’s voters had agreed to these measures, that state’s government would belong to the Union with all of its rights restored. Lincoln also worked for the passage of a constitutional amendment to abolish slavery in the United States. He believed that many African Americans should receive the right to vote.
Questions 4 and 5 refer to the following information.
Governments get money mainly through taxes. To increase their revenues, governments may increase tax rates. Sometimes this works, but sometimes the effect is the opposite; higher taxes can actually cause revenues to fall.
Questions 6 and 7 refer to the following cartoon and information.
This cartoon was published by Benjamin Franklin as a warning to the thirteen colonies.
Questions 8 and 9 refer to the following information.
Civil law concerns offenses, called torts, committed by private persons or groups against other private parties. In civil cases, an individual or corporation may sue another for some offense. If successful, the one bringing the suit may be awarded money by the court or may obtain a court order requiring the person being sued to do something or to stop doing something. Criminal law concerns offenses, called crimes, committed against the public interest as defined by a government. Crimes are punishable by fines or imprisonment or both. Serious crimes may be punishable by death.
Question 10 refers to the following cartoon.
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