Questions 1 and 2 refer to the following map.
Questions 3 and 4 refer to the following information.
During the decade of the 1990s, Earth was expected to become warmer than at any other time in the last 100,000 years. This warming would cause higher ocean and lake levels, shoreline erosion, droughts, and other catastrophic changes. Evidence of this trend has been seen on satellite photos. According to the University of Maryland’s Laboratory for Coastal Research, the Atlantic Ocean has already risen one foot in the last century along the U.S. coast. The warming of the planet may be the result of the release of gases by industry and agriculture into Earth’s atmosphere.
Questions 5 and 6 refer to the following information and graph.
The Underground Railroad was a secret network of people, routes, and hiding places (stations) throughout the northern states and even into Canada. The Underground Railroad brought slaves out of the South and set them free.
The arrows on the map below illustrate the routes of the Underground Railroad. The states in green are slave states, and the states in tan did not have slaves.
Questions 7 and 8 refer to the following information.
In the cities along the Nile, Egyptian pharaohs built pyramids for tombs. A pyramid took 100,000 workers 20 years to build. Each stone in the pyramid weighs more than two tons, yet the stones were put together so well that, more than three thousand years later, you cannot slip a knife between them. Inside, the pyramids are riddled with secret passages. When a pharaoh died, he was placed in his pyramid along with things he could use later on—jewelry, dishes, furniture, bows and arrows, and chariots.
About three thousand years ago, the Adena, who lived along the Ohio River, built large mounds made of earth. Inside, they buried their important leaders and whatever the leaders needed when they were alive. Among the things found were combs, hammers, flint blades, stone chisels, and bone tool-handles.
Questions 9 and 10 refer to the following information.
The process by which one learns the beliefs, values, and standards of behavior acceptable to one’s society is called socialization. It is what turns a biological human into a person, able to function as an individual and as part of a group, and to play his or her role in society. Sociologists believe the main agents, or instruments, of socialization are the family, the peer group, the school, the media, and specialized groups, such as the military or religious groups.