Questions 1 and 2 refer to the following quotations.
"[Machines] tend to relieve the workman either from niceties of adjustment which exhaust his mind and fatigue his eyes, or from painful repetition of effort which distort or wear out his frame."—Andrew Ure
"Each week, automation eliminates between 40,000 and 50,000 jobs. . . . The loss of nearly two and a half million jobs each year, when nearly 4,000,000 young people annually enter the job market, constitutes one of the more serious problems confronting American society."—Franklin D. Mitchell and Richard O. Davies
—Franklin D. Mitchell and Richard O. Davies
Questions 3 and 4 refer to the following graph.
Question 5 refers to the following information.
The USSR launched Sputnik, the world’s first human-made satellite, in October 1957. This feat, plus the public perception that the United States was falling behind the Soviet Union’s technological knowledge, led to the creation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1958. Congress set aside large sums for the agency to compete in a "space race." President John F. Kennedy’s "New Frontier" program included the declaration that an American would be on the moon by the end of the 1960s.
Question 7 refers to the following cartoon.
© Tribune Media Services, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Reprinted with permission.
Question 9 refers to the following cartoon.
© The New Yorker Collection 1991 Mischa Richter from cartoonbank.com. All Rights Reserved. Reprinted with permission.