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Contemporary's GED Science
Robert Mitchell

History and Nature of Science

Chapter Review Quiz


Choose the best answer to each question. You may refer to pages 139–155 in Contemporary’s GED Science if you need additional help. When you have finished the quiz, click on Submit Answers to receive feedback and results. You may also choose to e-mail your results to your instructor.


Which statement best describes scientists?
Need a Hint?
A)Scientists prefer to work alone and not to be associated with large groups of people.
B)Most scientists work for the federal government.
C)Scientists are like most people, having a wide range of interests and enjoying many types of work environments.
D)Scientists are mainly interested in applied research that leads to new consumer products.
E)Scientists are not influenced by personal or religious beliefs in the way that most people are.

In what way was the science of primitive people like the science of today?
Need a Hint?
A)Primitive people kept detailed records of discoveries made about the natural world.
B)Primitive people used the knowledge they had to understand their world in ways that made sense to them, much as we do today.
C)Primitive people did not let fear or superstition influence their thinking about the natural world.
D)Primitive people understood that Earth was a slowly evolving planet.
E)The beliefs of primitive people were influenced more by reasoning than by emotions.

Which of the following beliefs is characteristic of the science of Aristotle?
Need a Hint?
A)The heavens are in a fixed location above Earth.
B)All motion takes place along curving lines.
C)There are many elements that make up the world.
D)The Sun is at the center of the universe.
E)Evolution of life forms does not occur.

What is the most important advance in scientific thinking that occurred during the Renaissance?
Need a Hint?
A)a move away from the idea that all objects in nature are made up of combinations of elements
B)a move away from the idea that the universe centers on Earth and nature centers on human beings
C)a new understanding that human beings may be biologically related to many other species
D)a realization that Earth may not be flat as many people believed
E)a realization that the Moon contains land formations similar to land formations found on Earth

What role should personal beliefs play in the study of science?
Need a Hint?
A)Personal beliefs should focus on those questions for which science cannot provide an answer. These are mainly religious questions and questions relating to personal values.
B)Personal beliefs should be valued more highly than scientific discoveries.
C)Personal beliefs have no place in science.
D)Personal beliefs are always incorrect concerning scientific discoveries.
E)Personal beliefs can be proved to be correct or incorrect by doing scientific experiments.

As a scientific word, what is the best definition of the term evolution?
Need a Hint?
A)a slow rise in Earth's temperature
B)the slow loss of Earth's atmosphere into space
C)a slow change over time brought about by natural processes
D)the pattern of growth where the young of a species mature over time into adults
E)the idea that life originated on another planet, such as Mars, and was brought to Earth by an impacting asteroid

Which statement most accurately reflects the view that scientists have today regarding the structure of matter?
Need a Hint?
A)All matter is composed of the four elements mentioned by Aristotle: earth, fire, air, and water.
B)All matter is composed of one type of atom, and different materials simply have different numbers of atoms.
C)Living matter is chemically different than nonliving matter.
D)All matter is composed of a limited number of elements, where each element is a group of similar atoms.
E)All matter is composed of atoms that change over time.

In what process is DNA involved?
Need a Hint?
A)volcanic eruptions
C)chemical reaction rates
D)motion of planets