Which statement best describes scientists?
|A)||Scientists prefer to work alone and not to be associated with large groups of people.|
|B)||Most scientists work for the federal government.|
|C)||Scientists are like most people, having a wide range of interests and enjoying many types of work environments.|
|D)||Scientists are mainly interested in applied research that leads to new consumer products.|
|E)||Scientists are not influenced by personal or religious beliefs in the way that most people are.|
In what way was the science of primitive people like the science of today?
|A)||Primitive people kept detailed records of discoveries made about the natural world.|
|B)||Primitive people used the knowledge they had to understand their world in ways that made sense to them, much as we do today.|
|C)||Primitive people did not let fear or superstition influence their thinking about the natural world.|
|D)||Primitive people understood that Earth was a slowly evolving planet.|
|E)||The beliefs of primitive people were influenced more by reasoning than by emotions.|
Which of the following beliefs is characteristic of the science of Aristotle?
|A)||The heavens are in a fixed location above Earth.|
|B)||All motion takes place along curving lines.|
|C)||There are many elements that make up the world.|
|D)||The Sun is at the center of the universe.|
|E)||Evolution of life forms does not occur.|
What is the most important advance in scientific thinking that occurred during the Renaissance?
|A)||a move away from the idea that all objects in nature are made up of combinations of elements|
|B)||a move away from the idea that the universe centers on Earth and nature centers on human beings|
|C)||a new understanding that human beings may be biologically related to many other species|
|D)||a realization that Earth may not be flat as many people believed|
|E)||a realization that the Moon contains land formations similar to land formations found on Earth|
What role should personal beliefs play in the study of science?
|A)||Personal beliefs should focus on those questions for which science cannot provide an answer. These are mainly religious questions and questions relating to personal values.|
|B)||Personal beliefs should be valued more highly than scientific discoveries.|
|C)||Personal beliefs have no place in science.|
|D)||Personal beliefs are always incorrect concerning scientific discoveries.|
|E)||Personal beliefs can be proved to be correct or incorrect by doing scientific experiments.|
As a scientific word, what is the best definition of the term evolution?
|A)||a slow rise in Earth's temperature|
|B)||the slow loss of Earth's atmosphere into space|
|C)||a slow change over time brought about by natural processes|
|D)||the pattern of growth where the young of a species mature over time into adults|
|E)||the idea that life originated on another planet, such as Mars, and was brought to Earth by an impacting asteroid|
Which statement most accurately reflects the view that scientists have today regarding the structure of matter?
|A)||All matter is composed of the four elements mentioned by Aristotle: earth, fire, air, and water.|
|B)||All matter is composed of one type of atom, and different materials simply have different numbers of atoms.|
|C)||Living matter is chemically different than nonliving matter.|
|D)||All matter is composed of a limited number of elements, where each element is a group of similar atoms.|
|E)||All matter is composed of atoms that change over time.|
In what process is DNA involved?
|C)||chemical reaction rates|
|D)||motion of planets|