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Contemporary's GED Science
Robert Mitchell

Plant and Animal Science

Chapter Review Quiz


Choose the best answer to each question. You may refer to pages 159–220 in Contemporary’s GED Science if you need additional help. When you have finished the quiz, click on Submit Answers to receive feedback and results. You may also choose to e-mail your results to your instructor.


What is the principle of biogenesis?
Need a Hint?
A)the theory that life started on Earth as a result of organisms being brought to Earth by an asteroid
B)the theory that all life on Earth evolved from a first single cell
C)the theory that life slowly evolves toward higher forms of complexity and intelligence
D)the theory that a living organism can arise only from another living organism
E)the theory that life can be described through mathematical equations.

Which of the following is a characteristic of all living things?
Need a Hint?
A)Very few living things go through stages of development.
B)All living things depend on an external source of energy.
C)All living things are composed of two or more cells.
D)All living things reproduce sexually by a male organism uniting with a female organism.
E)All living things respond equally to the sense of sight.

In what way does a plant cell differ from an animal cell?
Need a Hint?
A)Plant cells are larger than animal cells.
B)Plant cells do not store water and other liquids.
C)Plant cells do not carry on photosynthesis, but animal cells do.
D)Plant cells contain a nucleus, but animal cells do not.
E)Plant cells contain a cell wall and chloroplasts, but animal cells do not.

What is the best description of the role played by organelles in a living cell?
Need a Hint?
A)Organelles are structures that carry out all of the processes that take place in a living cell.
B)Organelles form the outer membrane of a cell and give a cell its shape.
C)Organelles protect a cell from invasion by viruses.
D)Organelles carry food energy from the blood to the interior of a cell.
E)Organelles combine to form tissue from which organs are made.

What is the best description of the process known as metamorphosis?
Need a Hint?
A)Metamorphosis is the period during which a fertilized egg cell differentiates to form different body organs.
B)Metamorphosis is the process by which certain animals go through several very different life stages.
C)Metamorphosis is the growth of a young organism into a different type of organism.
D)Metamorphosis is the final stage in the life of an organism, a time when the organism prepares for death.
E)Metamorphosis is the splitting of a fertilized egg cell into two identical organisms shortly after fertilization—a process that leads to identical twins.

What is the main feature that distinguishes amphibians from fish or reptiles?
Need a Hint?
A)Amphibians do not live near water.
B)Amphibians do not lay eggs.
C)Amphibians breath through external gills throughout their entire lives.
D)Amphibians have two or more different stages in their lives.
E)Most amphibians are cold blooded, but very few fish or reptiles are cold blooded.

Which of the following statements is true?
Need a Hint?
A)Female mammals have milk-producing mammary glands, but female birds do not.
B)Female mammals produce eggs that are internally fertilized by male mammals, but female birds do not.
C)Mammals have lungs and breathe air, but birds do not.
D)Mammals are protective of their young, but birds never are.
E)Mammals rely on the senses of sight and sound, but birds rely mainly on smell.

What five senses do all complex animals have?
Need a Hint?
A)sight, hearing, thinking, smell, intuition
B)hearing, thinking, smell, taste, touch
C)sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch
D)sight, smell, taste, touch, intuition
E)hearing, smell, taste, dreaming, touch

What is an ecosystem?
Need a Hint?
A)all the natural resources available to a particular organism
B)a community of organisms, together with all available natural resources and habitats used by those organisms
C)a habitat, or home, for one or more organisms
D)all the organisms in a particular food web
E)a group of organisms living around a pond

In Darwin's theory of evolution, what is the process Darwin called natural selection?
Need a Hint?
A)the process of selecting the gender (sex) of an offspring
B)the process of an organism adapting to a habitat for which it is best suited
C)the process of an organism learning special skills so as to be better suited to its habitat
D)the process of an organism choosing food sources that are most nutritious for that organism
E)the process by which individuals with favorable traits within a species are most likely to survive and pass those traits on to offspring