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Chapter 5
Chapter 6
- Sodium-Potassium Exchange Pump
- Cotransport
- Endocytosis and Exocytosis
- Proton Pump
Chapter 7
- How Intracellular Receptors Regulate Gene Transcription
- Second Messengers - The cAMP and Ca Pathways
- Signal Amplification
Chapter 8
- A Biochemical Pathway
- Feedback Inhibition of Biochemical Pathways
Chapter 9
- Electron Transport System and ATP Synthesis
Chapter 10
- Cyclic and Noncyclic Photophosphorylation
- Photosynthetic Electron Transport and ATP Synthesis
Chapter 11
- Mitosis and Cytokinesis
- Cell Proliferation Signaling Pathway
- Bidirectional Replication of DNA
- Unique Features of Meiosis
Chapter 12
- Comparison of Meiosis and Mitosis
- Random Orientation of Chromosomes During Meiosis
- Stages of Meiosis
Chapter 14
- Hershey and Chase Experiment
- Meselson and Stahl Experiment
- DNA Replication Fork
- How Nucleotides are Added in DNA Replication
Chapter 15
- Processing of Gene Information - Prokaryotes versus Eukaryotes
- Protein Synthesis
- How Spliceosomes Process RNA
Chapter 16
- Restriction Endonucleases
- Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms
- Early Genetic Engineering Experiment
- Constructing Vaccines
- Southern Blot
- cDNA
- Steps in Cloning a Gene
- Polymerase Chain Reaction
- Microarray
- The Ti Plasmid
Chapter 18
- The Tryptophan Repressor
- Combination of Switches - the Lac Operon
- Control of Gene Expression in Eukaryotes
- Transcription Complex and Enhancers
Chapter 20
- Integration and Excision of a Plasmid
- Mechanism of Transposition
- The Consequence of Inversion
- Control of the Cell Cycle
- Slipped-strand Mispairing
- Conjugation with F Plasmid
- Thymine Dimers
- How Tumor Suppressor Genes Block Cell Division
Chapter 21
- The Consequence of Inversion
Chapter 26
- Treatment of HIV
- How Prions Arise
- HIV Replication
Chapter 28
- Malaria - Life Cycle of Plasmodium
Chapter 42
- Sarcomere Shortening
Chapter 43
- Three Phases of Gastric Secretion
Chapter 44
- Changes in the Partial Pressures of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide
Chapter 45
- Chemical Synapse
- Membrane-Bound Receptors G Proteins and Ca2 Channels
- Voltage Gated Channels and the Action Potential
- Sodium-Potassium Exchange
- Action Potential Propagation in an Unmyelinated Axon
- Function of the Neuromuscular Junction
Chapter 46
- Effect of Sound Waves on Cochlear Structures
Chapter 47
- Mechanism of Steroid Hormone Action
- Mechanism of Thyroxine Action
- Action of Epinephrine on a Liver Cell
Chapter 48
- Cytotoxic T-cell Activity Against Target Cells
- Interaction of Antigen Presenting Cells and T-helper Cells
- Monoclonal Antibody Production
- IgE Mediated Hypersensitivity
Chapter 50
- Spermatogenesis