Agnew, N., and Demas, M. September 1998. Preserving the Laetoli footprints. Scientific American 279(3):44. This article recaps the discovery of hominid footprints in East Africa, and explains steps taken to preserve them.Beckage, N. E. November 1997. The parasitic wasp's secret weapon. Scientific American 277(5):82. Some parasitic wasps produce a virus that suppresses a living host's immune system. Ben-Jacob, E., and Levine, H. October 1998. The artistry of microorganisms. Scientific American 279(4):82. Colonies of bacteria form geometric patterns, which reflect survival strategies.Berger, L. August 1998. The dawn of humans: Redrawing our family tree? National Geographic 194(2):90. South African fossils show that A. africanus was more apelike than Lucy.Castro, P., and Huber, M. 1997. Marine biology. 2d ed. St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, Inc. This introductory text is designed to provide a stimulating overview of marine biology. Chadwick, D. H. March 1998. Planet of the beetles. National Geographic 193(3):100. With diverse sizes, forms, and functions, beetles make up one-third of the world's identified insects. Chiappe, L. M. September 1998. Wings over Spain. Natural History 107(7):30. The presence of a first digit on fossil remains of a 115-million-year-old bird shows advanced flying ability.Diamond, J. September 1998. Evolving backward. Discover 19(9):64. Studies of the blind mole rat shows how evolved traits are lost if they are not used. Erwin, D. E. July 1996. The mother of mass extinction. Scientific American 275(1):72. Global sea level decline and volcanic eruptions may have caused mass extinctions. Foster, K. R., et al. August 1998. The Philadelphia yellow fever epidemic of 1793. Scientific American 279(2):88. The history of this epidemic and the possibility of its recurrence are discussed.Genthe, H. August 1998. The incredible sponge. Smithsonian 29(5):50. Sponge biology and the therapeutic uses of sponges in treating cancer are discussed.Gore, R. January 1996. Neanderthals. National Geographic 189(1):2. Archeological finds are providing much information on the Neanderthal culture. September 1997. The dawn of humans. National Geographic 192(3):92. A footprint dated about 117,000 years ago was discovered in southern Africa. Gwynne, D. T. August 1997. Glandular gifts. Scientific American 277(2):66. Male insects offer body parts and secretions as a strategy for fertilizing the female's eggs. Johanson, D. C. March 1996. Face-to-face with Lucy's family. National Geographic 189(3):96. New fossils from Ethiopia provide more information about human evolution. Kellert, S. R. 1996. The value of life: Biological diversity and human society. Washington, D.C.: Island Press/Shearwater Books. Explores the importance of biological diversity to the well-being of humanity.Knols, B. G., and Meijerink, J. September/October 1997. Odors influence mosquito behavior. Science & Medicine 4(5):56. Definition of odors may lead to the control of insects that transmit infectious diseases. Leakey, M., and Walker, A. June 1997. Early hominid fossils from Africa. Scientific American 276(6):74. A bone unearthed in 1965 recently proved the existence of a new species of Australopithecus, showing ancestral humans existed 4 million years ago. Levetin, E., and McMahon, K. 1996. Plants and society. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Publishers. Basic botany and the impact of plants on society are topics covered in this introductory text.Levy, S. B. March 1998. The challenge of antibiotic resistance. Scientific American 278(3):46. Misuse and overuse of antibiotics must end in order to preserve their effectiveness. Lewin, R. 1997. Patterns in evolution: The new molecular view. New York: Scientific American Library. This book explores how genetic information provides insights into evolutionary events.Lim, D. 1998. Microbiology. 2d ed. Dubuque, Iowa: WCB/McGraw-Hill. This introductory text shows how microorganisms relate to one another and to other organisms; new material in evolution and biodiversity is included. Line, L. October/November 1998. Fast decline of slow species. National Wildlife 36(6):22. Box turtles are declining in numbers, mainly from habitat loss and over-collecting.Losick, R., and Kaiser, D. February 1997. Why and how bacteria communicate. Scientific American 276(2):68. Bacteria send and receive chemical messages and can organize into structures.Luoma, J. R. March 1997. The magic of paper. National Geographic 191(3):88. The papermaking process is discussed in this article.Madigan, M. T., and Marrs, B. L. April 1997. Extremophiles. Scientific American 276(4):86. Certain microorganisms can withstand extreme environments. Margulis, L., et al. 1998. Five kingdoms: An illustrated guide to the phyla of life on earth. 3d ed. New York: W. H. Freeman & Company. Introduces the kingdoms of organisms.Martini, F. H. October 1998. Secrets of the slime hag. Scientific American 279(4):70. The roles of hagfish in ocean ecosystems.Monastersky, R. March 1998. The rise of life on earth. National Geographic 193(3):54. Article discusses the origins of microbial life, stromatolite reefs, and Stanley Miller's model of the primitive atmosphere. Moore, R., Clark, W. D., et al. 1998. Botany. 2d ed. Dubuque, Iowa: WCB/McGraw-Hill. This introductory botany text stresses the importance of plants and the process of science.Moore-Landecker, E. 1996. Fundamentals of the fungi. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. For intermediate students, this text presents a broad introduction to the field of mycology.Murawski, D. A. March 1997. Moths come to light. National Geographic 191(3):40. Moths display a variety of disguises and survival techniques.Nester, E. W., Roberts, C. E., et al. 1998. Microbiology: A human perspective. 2d ed. Dubuque, Iowa: WCB/McGraw-Hill. This introductory text relates basic microbiology to human health.Northington, D., and Goodin, J. R. 1996. The botanical world. 2d ed. St. Louis: Times-Mirror/Mosby College Publishing. This is an account of plant interactions and basic physiology.Padian, K., and Chiappe, L. M. February 1998. The origin of birds and their flight. Scientific American 278(2):38. Recent fossil discoveries confirm that birds descended from dinosaurs. Paolella, P. 1998. Introduction to molecular biology. Dubuque, Iowa: WCB/McGraw-Hill. This introductory text explores the processes and mechanisms of gene function and control. Parfit, M. October 1998. Antarctic desert. National Geographic 4:120. Microscopic organisms that survive in the Antarctic desert have been discovered.Schmidt, G. D., and Roberts, L. S. 1996. Foundations of parasitology. 5th ed. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Publishers. For upper-division parasitology classes, this text emphasizes the major parasites of humans and animals. Seymour, R. S. March 1997. Plants that warm themselves. Scientific American 276(3):104. Some plants generate heat to keep blossoms at a constant temperature.Sharpe, G. W., et al. 1995. Introduction to forests and renewable resources. 6th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc. For forestry students, this text presents policies and practices in forest conservation and management.Shreeve, J. December 1997. Uncovering Patagonia's lost world. December 1997. National Geographic 192(6):120. Recent fossil finds cause scientists to rethink the evolution of dinosaurs. Stern, K. 1997. Introductory plant biology. 7th ed. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Publishers. This text presents basic botany in a clear, informative manner.Sumich, J. L. 1996. An introduction to the biology of marine life. 6th ed. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Publishers. This introductory text covers taxonomy, evolution, ecology, behavior, and physiology of selected groups of marine organisms. Sze, P. 1998. A biology of the algae. 3d ed. Dubuque, Iowa: WCB/McGraw-Hill. This concise text introduces algae morphology, evolution, and ecology to the botany major. Tattersall, I. April 1997. Out of Africa again . . . and again? Scientific American 276(4):60. Hominids may have migrated out of Africa several times, with each emigration sending a different species. Walters, D. R., and Keil, D. J. 1996. Vascular plant taxonomy. 4th ed. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing. Introduces plant families and experimental aspects of taxonomy. Webster, D. July 1996. Dinosaurs of the Gobi. National Geographic 190(1):70. Dinosaur fossils are unearthed in the Gobi desert.Wenke, R. 1996. Patterns in prehistory: Humankind's first three million years. 4th ed. New York: Oxford University Press. Provides a comprehensive review of world prehistory. Zimmer, C. September 1998. The slime alternative. Discover 19(9):86. Occasionally, individual Dictyostelium amoebas join together and behave like multicellular organisms.