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Adoutte, André, et al. April 25, 2000. The new animal phylogeny: Reliability and implications. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 97, p. 4453. DNA sequence comparisons provide a revised view of animal evolution and diversity.

Bond, Calhoun. December 1997/January 1998. Keeping up with the sponges. Natural History, vol. 106, p. 22. Sometimes the most powerful tool of the biologist is simple observation.

Lewis, Ricki. February 4, 2002. Sorting out the science of stickiness. The Scientist, vol. 16, no. 3, p. 14. Various mollusks, echinoderms, and arthropods have distinct ways of sticking to surfaces and locomoting.

Morris, Simon Conway. December 14, 1995. A new phylum from the lobster's lips. Nature, vol. 378, p. 661. Researchers identified an organism living on lobster mouthparts that has such an unusual combination of traits that they placed it in a new phylum.

Pennisi, Elizabeth. April 19, 2002. New insect order speaks to life's diversity. Science, vol. 291, p. 445. A graduate studentmade the first discovery of a new insect order in a century.

Raff, Rudolf A. 1996. The Shape of Life. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. The book that started the field of evolutionary developmental biology and explores the origins of animal body forms.

Stewart, Barbara. July 24, 2002. A new kind of New Yorker with 82 legs. The New York Times, p. 1. A new genus and species of centipede--Nannarrup hoffmani, or Hoffman's dwarf centipede--was found in the heart of New York City.

Vollmer, Steven V., and Stephen R. Palumbi. June 14, 2002. Hybridization and the evolution of reef coral diversity. Science, vol. 296, p. 2023. DNA analysis of Caribbean coral reefs shows that despite apparent asexual reproduction of hybrids, species distinctions remain clear.

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