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Skeletal System: Bones and Joints

Functions of the Skeletal System
1. List the functions of the skeletal system.
Connective Tissue
2. Describe the components of the connective tissue matrix and state the function of each.
General Features of Bone
3. Describe the structure of compact and cancellous bone.
4. Outline the process of bone ossification, growth, remodeling, and repair.
Bone and Calcium Homeostasis
5. Explain the role of bone in calcium homeostasis.
General Considerations of Bone Anatomy
6. List and define the major features of a bone.
Axial Skeleton
7. Describe the main features of the skull as seen from the lateral, frontal, internal, and inferior views.
8. Describe the shape of the vertebral column and list its divisions. Describe the general features of each vertebra and the differences among vertebrae from each region of the vertebral column.
9. List the bones of the thoracic cage, including the three types of ribs.
Appendicular Skeleton
10. Name and describe the bones of the pectoral girdle and upper limb.
11. Name and describe the bones of the pelvic girdle and lower limb.
12. List and describe the various types of joints.
13. Describe the major types of joint movement.
Effects of Aging on the Skeletal System and Joints
14. Describe the effects of aging on bones and joints.

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