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Vulva (VULL-vuh)  The collective term for the external genitals of the female.
Clitoris (KLIT-or-is)  A small, highly sensitive sexual organ in the female, found in front of the vaginal entrance.
Mons pubis (PYOO-bis)  The fatty pad of tissue under the pubic hair.
Outer lips  Rounded pads of fatty tissue lying on either side of the vaginal entrance.
Inner lips  Thin folds of skin lying on either side of the vaginal entrance.
Bartholin glands  Two tiny glands located on either side of the vaginal entrance.
Perineum (pair-ih-NEE-um)  The skin between the vaginal entrance and the anus.
Introitus  Another word for the vaginal entrance.
Urethra  The tube through which urine passes from the bladder out of the body.
Hymen (HYE-men)  A thin membrane that may partially cover the vaginal entrance.
Vagina (vuh-JINE-uh)  The tube-shaped organ in the female into which the penis is inserted during coitus and through which a baby passes during birth.
Pubococcygeus muscle (pyoo-bo-cox-ih-GEE-us)  A muscle around the vaginal entrance.
Vestibular bulbs  Erectile tissue running under the inner lips.
Skene's gland  Female prostate.
Uterus (YOO-tur-us)  The organ in the female in which the fetus develops.
Fallopian tubes (fuh-LOW-pee-un)  The tubes extending from the uterus to the ovary; also called the oviducts.
Ovaries  Two organs in the female that produce eggs and sex hormones.
Penis  The male external sexual organ, which functions both in sexual activity and in urination.
Corpora cavernosa  Spongy bodies running the length of the top of the penis.
Corpus spongiosum  A spongy body running the length of the underside of the penis.
Foreskin  A layer of skin covering the glans or tip of the penis in an uncircumcised male; also called the prepuce.
Circumcision  Surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis.
Supercision (superincision)  A form of male genital cutting in which a slit is made the length of the foreskin on top.
Subincision  A form of male genital cutting in which a slit is made on the lower side of the penis along its entire length.
Scrotum (SKROH-tum)  The pouch of skin that contains the testes in the male.
Testes  The pair of glands in the scrotum that manufacture sperm and sex hormones.
Seminiferous tubules (sem-ih-NIFF-ur-us)  Tubes in the testes that manufacture sperm.
Interstitial cells (int-er-STIH-shul)  Cells in the testes that manufacture testosterone.
Sperm  The mature male reproductive cell, capable of fertilizing an egg.
Epididymis (ep-ih-DIH-dih-mus)  A highly coiled tube located on the edge of the testis, where sperm mature.
Vas deferens  The tube through which sperm pass on their way from the testes and epididymis, out of the scrotum, and to the urethra.
Seminal vesicles  Saclike structures that lie above the prostate and produce about 70 percent of the seminal fluid.
Prostate  The gland in the male, located below the bladder, that secretes some of the fluid in semen.
Cowper's glands  Glands that secrete a clear alkaline fluid into the male's urethra.
Radical mastectomy (mast-ECT-uh-mee)  A surgical treatment for breast cancer in which the entire breast, as well as underlying muscles and lymph nodes, is removed.
Lumpectomy  A surgical treatment for breast cancer in which only the lump and a small bit of surrounding tissue are removed.
Hysterectomy (his-tuh-REK-tuh-mee)  Surgical removal of the uterus.

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