American History: A Survey (Brinkley), 13th Edition

Chapter 24: THE NEW DEAL

Multiple Choice Quiz

The New Deal did all of the following EXCEPT
A)construct the foundations of the federal welfare system.
B)transform the Democratic Party into the dominant force in American politics for the next thirty years.
C)preside over the birth of the modern labor movement.
D)end the Great Depression.
E)close all American banks.
Much of Roosevelt's success in restoring public confidence in government might be attributed to his
A)consistent application of clear-cut philosophies to social and economic problems.
B)optimistic and ebullient personality.
C)refusal to engage in tedious and politically charged press conferences.
D)public demonstration of how a man could overcome physical paralysis.
E)appeal to the lower classes.
Roosevelt's first concern as president was the
A)public panic caused by the bank failures.
B)collapse of agriculture.
C)problem of widespread unemployment.
D)deflationary spiral that had crippled business.
E)stagnant farm prices.
The Twenty-first Amendment, ratified in 1933, repealed the
A)progressive income tax.
B)poll tax, literacy test, and other discriminatory voting restrictions.
C)prohibition of the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages.
D)"quota system" of immigration limitations.
E)right for women to vote.
Initial implementation of the Agricultural Adjustment Act in 1933 was controversial because
A)it involved large-scale destruction of existing crops and livestock to reduce surpluses.
B)it required farmers to boost agricultural production.
C)it outlawed the practices of farm tenancy and sharecropping.
D)it favored the interests of small farmers over those of large farmers.
E)it favored the interests of large farmers over those of small farmers.
Of greatest impact on large numbers of poor farmers was a New Deal program to
A)provide payments for reduced production in the interest of soil conservation.
B)help irrigate and reclaim marginal lands for cultivation.
C)provide loans for resettlement.
D)help farmers relocate to better lands.
E)make electric power available through utility cooperatives.
Which of the following provisions was NOT included in the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933?
A)trade association agreements on pricing and production
B)loans by the national government to railroads, banks, and insurance companies
C)legal protection to the right of workers to form unions
D)a major program of public works designed to pump needed funds into the economy
E)legal right of workers to engage in collective bargaining
The Supreme Court declared the National Industrial Recovery Act unconstitutional partly because it
A)used an overly broad definition of interstate commerce.
B)waived antitrust laws for cooperating businesses.
C)granted public money to private corporations.
D)applied only to corporations, not partnerships and sole proprietors.
E)allowed for child labor.
The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) did all of the following EXCEPT
A)caused massive flooding in certain regions.
B)suffered as a result of the collapse of the electrical utility empire of Samuel Insull.
C)was intended to serve as an agent for comprehensive redevelopment of the entire region.
D)converted the Tennessee Valley into one of the most prosperous regions of the country.
E)received strong support from the nation's utility companies.
The Roosevelt administration instituted all of the following financial reforms EXCEPT to
A)take the country off the gold standard.
B)establish the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).
C)transfer control over interest rates from the Federal Reserve Board to Congress.
D)establish the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) to police the stock market.
E)grant cash to states in order to prop up bankrupt relief agencies.
To provide assistance to those in need, Roosevelt and his adviser Harry Hopkins regarded which of the following as best?
A)cash grants to states
B)work relief
C)a government dole for individuals
D)private charity
E)Roosevelt and Hopkins did not actively work together to provide assistance to those in need.
The relief efforts of the early New Deal were intended to
A)stimulate a broad recovery of the economy.
B)provide relief to the lower classes first.
C)create a permanent welfare system.
D)apply the principles of Keynesian economics.
E)be limited in scope and temporary in duration.
Franklin Roosevelt's political philosophy could most accurately be characterized as
C)doctrinaire liberal.
D)democratic socialist.
E)economically liberal.
Section 7a of the National Industrial Recovery Act represented a significant gain for
A)organized labor.
B)ethnic minorities.
C)trade associations.
D)the great mass of consumers.
E)child labor.
Four of the following were purposes behind the establishment of the Tennessee Valley Authority. Which is the exception?
A)flood control
B)experimentation with regional planning and rehabilitation
C)the establishment of a standard of comparison for measuring private power rates
D)the establishment of a precedent for full government ownership and operation of all utilities
E)a need to establish a cheap source of electric power through the nation's resources
In addition to putting young men back to work, a principal purpose of the Civilian Conservation Corps was to
A)limit population growth.
B)promote reforestation and land conservation.
C)help young married couples buy homes on easy mortgage terms.
D)provide an interracial living experience to promote harmony.
E)keep the youth population from turning to crime.
The American Liberty League was dedicated to
A)strong conservative opposition to the New Deal.
B)promoting civil rights for blacks and other minorities.
C)promoting popular support for the spirit of the New Deal.
D)a desire among intellectuals to adopt more radical solutions to the nation's economic ills.
E)strong opposition to the communist movement.
Father Coughlin, Huey Long, and Frances Townsend all had what in common?
A)a hatred of the financial powers who were impoverishing the nation
B)a belief in the federal government's power to reform American society
C)an unwavering support of President Roosevelt
D)a faith in the social benefits of radical wealth redistribution
E)a strong support of fascism
The most noticeable change in the Second New Deal was
A)an adoption of some of the more radical plans of Long, Coughlin, and Townsend.
B)a willingness to openly attack corporate interests.
C)a caution created by the Supreme Court's striking down of some of the agencies of the First New Deal.
D)an unwillingness to place additional tax burdens on the rich.
E)a more aggressive move towards more liberal legislation.
The significance of the Wagner Act to organized labor was that it
A)abolished the National Labor Relations Board.
B)provided unemployment benefits for workers on strike.
C)provided strong government protection for unions.
D)explicitly repudiated the right of collective bargaining.
E)did not guarantee the right of unions to organize.
The Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) was organized on the principle that all workers in a particular industry should be included in one union. This principle is referred to as
A)union shop.
B)closed shop.
C)craft unionism.
D)industrial unionism.
The 1935 Social Security Act provided for four of the following. Which is the exception?
A)retirement benefits
B)unemployment benefits
C)health insurance benefits
D)benefits to dependent children of impoverished parents
E)pension payments
The Works Progress Administration did NOT employ which of the following groups within their own fields of work?
B)construction workers
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