Tense muscles and increased heart rate are _____ symptoms of anxiety.
During the fight-or-flight response, the pituitary gland secretes _____.
Which of the following is not a component of maladaptive anxiety?
|A)||The fear is unrealistic given the circumstances.|
|B)||The fear subsides when the threat ends.|
|C)||The amount of fear is out-of-proportion to the actual threat.|
|D)||There is a great deal of anticipatory anxiety about the future.|
People with panic disorder may have poorly regulated levels of _____.
One main limitation of using SSRIs to treat panic disorder is that:
|A)||The side effects of SSRIs are usually worse than those of tricyclic antidepressants.|
|B)||SSRIs are frequently addictive.|
|C)||Many people relapse after they quit using SSRIs.|
|D)||The SSRIs often interfere with cognitive and motor functioning.|
The "kindling model" proposes that the _____ lowers the threshold of the _____, which leads to diffuse and chronic anxiety.
|A)||periaqueductal gray; locus ceruleus|
|B)||locus ceruleus; limbic system|
|C)||limbic system; cerebrum|
|D)||limbic system; locus ceruleus|
Which of the following statements about agoraphobia is false?
|A)||To be diagnosed with agoraphobia, a person must also have panic attacks.|
|B)||Agoraphobia tends to develop before the age of 25.|
|C)||Agoraphobia tends to develop within one year after a person experiences frequent anxiety symptoms.|
|D)||People with agoraphobia fear both wide-open and enclosed spaces.|
People with a(n) _____ phobia experience significant drops in heart rate and blood pressure when confronted with their feared stimulus.
Which of the following statements is true?
|A)||About 30% of people meet the criteria for social phobia in a 12-month period.|
|B)||Most people who develop social phobia seek treatment for their symptoms because it is such a debilitating problem.|
|C)||Psychodynamic therapy is not a highly effective treatment for phobias.|
|D)||According to Freud, phobias are rational fears of objects (such as snakes) that are exaggerated.|
Which of the following statements is false?
|A)||According to behavioral theories, phobias develop through classical conditioning but are maintained by operant conditioning.|
|B)||Evolution may have prepared us biologically to learn certain associations quickly, such as a fear of spiders.|
|C)||Phobias appear to be completely learned behavior: there is no evidence for a genetic contribution.|
|D)||According to the safety signal hypothesis, people remember the places where they had panic attacks and associate these places with their symptoms.|
Which of the following statements is false?
|A)||The applied tension technique is useful for treating blood-injection-injury phobias.|
|B)||Drug therapies have not proven to be as useful as behavior therapies for phobias.|
|C)||Flooding is as effective as systematic desensitization.|
|D)||Group therapy is not effective for social phobia.|
According to Freud, _____ anxiety occurs when we have been punished for expressing our id impulses.
Which of the following statements about Generalized Anxiety Disorder is false?
|A)||About 4% of the U.S. population experiences GAD in any 6-month period.|
|B)||The majority of people with GAD also have another anxiety disorder.|
|C)||People with GAD report feeling restless most of the time and becoming tired only rarely.|
|D)||People with GAD tend to worry about many things instead of focusing on one issue or concern.|
Current biological theories of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) implicate _____, an _____ neurotransmitter.
Taijin-kyofu-sho is not
|A)||more common in women than in men.|
|B)||an intense fear of interpersonal relations.|
|C)||a fear of blushing, smelling bad, and/or irritating others.|
|D)||a syndrome encountered in Japan.|
Which of the following groups of people is not more likely to develop anxiety disorders?
|B)||Members of minority groups.|
|C)||People with higher levels of education.|
|D)||People in higher socioeconomic groups.|
Which of the following is not a characteristic of ataque de nervios?
|A)||Falling to the ground and convulsing.|
|B)||Becoming unable to speak.|
|D)||Difficulty moving limbs.|
The applied tension technique is an effective treatment for:
|A)||Animal type phobia.|
|B)||Natural environment type phobia.|
|D)||Blood-injection-injury type phobia.|
Which of the following statements about social phobia is false?
|A)||About 8% of people meet criteria for social phobia in a 12-month period.|
|B)||Most people who develop social phobia seek treatment for their symptoms since it is such a debilitating problem.|
|C)||Social phobia tends to develop during the adolescent years.|
|D)||Social phobia is often comorbid with avoidant personality disorder.|
Which of the following is not a common side effect of tricyclic antidepressants?
|B)||Hypotension and dizziness.|