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Baran Book Cover
Introduction to Mass Communication, 2/e
Stanley J. Baran

Radio and Sound Recordings


affiliate    a broadcasting station that aligns itself with a network
AM/FM combo    two stations, one AM and one FM, simultaneously broadcasting identical content
audion tube    vacuum tube developed by DeForest that became the basic invention for all radio and television
billings    total sale of broadcast airtime
Biltmore Agreement    settled the press war between newspapers, which had refused their services to their electronic competitors, and radio
bitcasters  "radio stations" that can be accessed only over the World Wide Web
catalogue albums    albums more than three years old
conduction system    wireless communication system using signals sent through water and ground
cover  rerecording of one artist's music by another
deregulation    relaxation of ownership and other rules for radio and television
digital audio radio service (DARS)    direct home or automobile delivery of audio by satellite
digital audio tape (DAT)    introduced in the early 1970s, offers digital quality sound purity in a cassette tape format
digital recording    recording based on conversion of sound into 1s and 0s logged in millisecond intervals in a computerized translation process
DMX (Digital Music Express)    home delivery of audio by cable
duopoly    single ownership and management of multiple radio stations in one market
format    a radio stationís particular sound or programming content
in-band-on-channel (IBOC)    digital radio technology that uses digital compression to ìshrinkî digital and analog signals allowing both to occupy the same frequency
liquid barretter    first audio device permitting the reception of wireless voices; developed by Fessenden
microbroadcasters    low-power, community radio stations
MP3    file compression software that permits streaming of digital audio and video data
nonduplication rule    mid-1960s FCC ruling that AM and FM license holders in the same market must broadcast different content at least 50% of the time
O&O  a broadcasting station that is owned and operated by a network
P2P    person-to-person software that permits direct Internet-based communication or collaboration between two or more personal computers while bypassing centralized servers
playlist    predetermined sequence of selected records to be played by a disc jockey
radiation system    wireless communication system allowing reliable sending and receiving of signals through the air
recent catalogue albums    albums that have been out for 15 months to three years
secondary service  a radio station's second, or nonprimary, format
spectrum scarcity    broadcast spectrum space is limited, so not everyone who wants to broadcast can; those who are granted licenses must accept regulation
streaming    the simultaneous downloading and accessing (playing) of digital audio or video data
syndication    sale of radio or television content to stations on a market-by-market basis
trustee model  in broadcast regulation, the idea that broadcasters serve as the public's trustees or fiduciaries
Web radio    the delivery of ìradioî over the Internet directly to individual listeners
wireless telegraph    early efforts at long-distance communication that led to development of radio
wireless telephony    early efforts at long-distance voice communication that led to development of radio