Traditions and Encounters, 4th Edition (Bentley)


Multiple Choice Quiz

Ideologically, the two competing sides in the cold war were
A)socialism and communism.
B)communism and fascism.
C)capitalism and communism.
D)republican and democrat.
E)fascism and capitalism.
The Berlin blockade clearly demonstrated that
A)the western allies were afraid of a nuclear war.
B)the Soviet Union lacked the will to confront the west.
C)Britain and the United States would not be intimidated into abandoning Berlin.
D)Berlin could survive without outside support.
E)All of the answers are correct.
As a result of the Korean War,
A)the border between North and South Korea was restored at the 38th parallel.
B)the Korean Peninsula became the site of prolonged, unresolved tensions.
C)the United Nations sponsored military action to restore the sovereignty of South Korea.
D)China intervened when provoked by American troops on its border.
E)All of the answers are correct.
Which of the following would not be an example of the U.S. policy of containment?
A)the Korean War.
B)the Berlin airlift.
C)the Vietnam War.
E)the Warsaw Pact.
The United States tentatively supported a failed invasion of Cuba at
B)the Bay of Pigs.
At the Bay of Pigs in 1961,
A)invading anti-Castro Cuban forces were overwhelmed by Cuban troops.
B)American special forces were defeated by Cuban troops.
C)anti-Castro Cuban forces defeated Cuban forces on the beach but failed to spark an uprising against Castro.
D)an American naval blockade turned back Soviet supply ships.
E)the Soviet Union set up nuclear missiles aimed at the United States.
The Cuban missile crisis ended when
A)the United States invaded Cuba and overthrew Batista.
B)the Soviets agreed to withdraw their missiles in exchange for Kennedy's pledge not to invade Cuba and his agreement to withdraw U.S. missiles from Turkey.
C)Khruschev agreed to end the blockade of Berlin.
D)the United States threatened to impose a strict embargo on all Cuban exports.
E)None of the answers are correct.
The expression "domestic containment" refers to
A)the public hearings to expose spies and communists in the United States in the 1950s.
B)strict immigration quotas imposed against people from communist countries.
C)efforts to keep communism from taking hold in the western hemisphere.
D)the popular retreat to the home and family to escape from the anxieties of the cold war.
E)volunteer activities of U.S. housewives to showcase the American way of life.
Despite the prosperity of the postwar years, many groups expressed dissatisfaction, including
A)middle-class housewives, who felt lonely and unfulfilled with domestic life.
B)African-Americans, who organized to protest institutional segregation.
C)college students, who organized to protest American involvement in Vietnam.
D)political radicals, who expressed their unhappiness with national policies through rock and roll.
E)All of the answers are correct.
The Soviet Union dominated the foreign affairs of all the following countries except
A)East Germany.
The reorganization of China under communism included all of the following except
A)incentives to individual farmers to increase productivity.
B)a Five-Year Plan that emphasized heavy industry over consumer goods.
C)collective farming to replace individual farming.
D)full legal equality for women.
E)health and public education provided through local collectives.
Tensions developed between China and the Soviet Union after
A)the Soviets refused to buy any Chinese goods.
B)the two countries disagreed over who should get control of Tibet.
C)the Soviets tried to prevent the Chinese from developing nuclear weapons.
D)the Soviets refused to support China against India and stinted China on foreign aid.
E)All of the answers are correct.
President Richard Nixon sought to end the conflict in Vietnam by all the following strategies except
A)heavily bombing North Vietnam.
B)negotiating a peace settlement with the North Vietnamese.
C)expanding the war into Cambodia and Laos, where guerillas were thought to be hiding.
D)threatening to use nuclear weapons against the North Vietnamese.
E)arming and training the South Vietnamese and then letting them conduct the war.
The Soviet Union failed to impose a communist government in Afghanistan because
A)Islamic leaders objected to radical social reforms.
B)the PDPA was brutal and unpopular.
C)the Soviet people grew tired of the war after several futile years.
D)the CIA supplied the mujahideen with arms for their resistance.
E)All of the answers are correct.
Which of the following would not be an example of the popular youth movements of the 1960s and 1970s?
A)antiwar protests in American universities.
B)political satire like Dr. Strangelove.
C)the Red Guard of the Chinese Cultural Revolution.
D)student riots in Paris.
E)the Berkeley free speech movement.
The Watergate scandal demonstrated that
A)the United States could not win the war in Vietnam.
B)Richard Nixon had stolen the election of 1972.
C)Nixon had launched unauthorized bombing of Cambodia.
D)Nixon had supported a massive cover-up of crimes committed by his staff.
E)All of the answers are correct.
A)intended from the very beginning to tear down the Soviet system.
B)was informed by the economic reforms of Deng Xiaoping.
C)was mainly inspired by Leonid Brezhnev.
D)never intended to abolish the existing Soviet political and economic system.
E)had been a capitalist reformer since his college education in London.
The end of communism in east and central Europe was peaceful in every state except
The greatest resistance to Gorbachev's economic reforms came from
A)party leaders who refused to relinquish control over economic planning.
B)military leaders who feared that any changes would mean less for them.
C)Russian consumers who feared that changes would mean more hardship for them.
D)other communist states that counted on the economic support of the Soviet Union.
E)Boris Yeltsin, president of the Russian Republic, fearing that Russia might lose its central position.
Gorbachev was rescued from an unsuccessful coup by
A)the United States.
B)a unified force of eastern European nations who owed their own independence to Gorbachev's reforms.
C)British paratroopers.
D)the French Navy.
E)Boris Yeltsin and some loyal Red Army units.
Traditions and Encounters Book Cover
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