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Adolescence, 6/e
Laurence Steinberg, Temple University

The Fundamental Changes of Adolescence

Section 1 Multiple Choice Quiz


Changes in the primary sex characteristics include:
A)growth and development of the ovaries and testicles
B)growth and development of the breasts
C)a rapid change in height and weight
D)changes in the distribution of fat

The part of the brain that is most responsible for regulating pubertal changes is:
A)the endocrine glands
B)the cortex
C)the pituitary gland
D)the hypothalamus

The two environmental factors that seem to have the strongest influence on the onset of puberty are:
A)stress and nutrition
B)nutrition and health care
C)health care and peer pressure
D)peer pressure and nutrition

Researchers now recognize that propositional logic skills develop gradually during early adolescence, as teens sporadically demonstrate the ability to use propositional logic. This tendency has been called:
A)emergent formal operations
B)hypothetico-deductive thinking
C)social cognition
D)moral reasoning

Research on the information-processing skills of adolescents reveals that:
A)Adolescents have higher abilities than do children in selective attention, or the ability to focus on one stimulus / idea and not be distracted by others
B)Children have higher abilities in divided attention, or the ability to think about two or more things at once
C)Adolescents also have lower abilities than children in working memory, or the ability to hold information in one's conscious awareness for brief periods
D)Adolescents have lower abilities in long-term memory, or the ability to store and recall information over long time periods

Researchers find it interesting that adolescents' behavior is often so illogical despite the cognitive skills that have developed. It is suggested that they have the ability to switch between the use of logical thinking and ____ thinking, which is based on past experience, gut feelings, and unconscious processes.
A)social cognitive

_____ that involve groups of adolescents facilitate "bonding" between the youth that participate. College fraternity and sorority "hazing", Latino quinceañeras, and debutante balls are a few examples
A)delinquent activities
B)school transitions
C)sex cleavages
D)initiation ceremonies

Jeffrey Arnett has argued that ____ societies are more likely to emphasize the development of certain traits of self-reliance, place less emphasis on one's family status (e.g., marriage), and distinguish less between males and females, in defining adult status.

Rising levels of a protein produced by fat cells may influence the physical changes that occur during puberty. It seems that a certain level of body fat, and a substance called ___, may instruct the hypothalamus to initiate the hormonal changes that signal the onset of puberty.
C)amino acids

Adolescents can fall prey to thoughts of an ___, or thinking that everyone else is aware of and thinking about the adolescent (e.g., "everyone at the baseball stadium will notice how stupid I look in this shirt").
A)hypothetical scenario
B)emergent formal thought
C)imaginary audience
D)imaginary friend