While documentation styles differ in what information they require you
to report, when you are taking notes from sources, you should always keep track
of authors, titles, page numbers, and publication information.
Some documentation styles include in-text citations, and most require some
list of references or works cited in the paper.
The page number(s) where the material quoted, summarized, or paraphrased is
found in the source should be placed immediately following the cited material
and preceding any punctuation marks that divide or end the sentence if the documentation
style uses parenthetical citation, as MLA,
APA, and CSE
name-year style documentation do.
If you are using Chicago
number style, this information will
appear in a note. You should use a signal phrase to introduce material you are
quoting, paraphrasing, or summarizing from a source. This phrase is generally
placed immediately before the material you are citing. It is a good practice
to include the author's name in the signal phrase (for example, William Julius
Wilson comments). If the author's name is not included in the signal phrase,
it must be placed in the parenthetical citation after the material from
Works Cited / List of References / Bibliography Page
Each source mentioned in the paper must have its own entry on the works
cited page, on the list of references, in the bibliography, or (in Chicago
style papers without a separate bibliography) in the note where the source is
mentioned in the paper. Consult a reference work about the style you are using
to determine what information to include on this list or in this note. When creating a works cited page, a list
of references, or a bibliography, alphabetize the list by author's last name
(or by the first word of the title, if the author is not given), unless you
are using CSE number style, in which case the list of references is arranged
in the order you cite them in your paper.