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Testing Your Knowledge
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1. Identify each structure drawn below from this list:

  • a. mycelium
  • b. ascus
  • c. zoospore
  • d. nonseptate hypha
  • e. basidium with basidiospores
  • f. septate hypha
  • g. zygospore
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    2. What characteristics do all types of fungi share?

    3. List the characteristics that distinguish the four phyla of fungi.

    4. Distinguish between:

  • a. nonseptate and septate hyphae
  • b. a yeast and a mycelium
  • c. an ascomycete and a basiodiomycete
  • d. ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae
  • e. a saprotroph and a parasite
  • f. a zoospore and a zygospore
  • g. diploid and dikaryotic
  • 5. Give an example of reclassification of a fungus based on molecular evidence.

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    Additional Questions

    1. To which other kingdoms are the fungi most closely related?

    2. Which type of fungus causes:

  • a. Valley fever
  • b. Chestnut blight
  • c. Black wart of potatoes
  • d. Histoplasmosis
  • e. Amphibian deaths
  • f. Thrush
  • g. Dutch elm disease
  • 3. Name a fungus that has:

  • a. Nonseptate hyphae
  • b. A flagellum
  • c. Basidia
  • d. Zygospores
  • e. Asci
  • f. Dikaryotic hyphae
  • 4. What is yeast?

    5. How is the fungal mode of nutrition different from that of plants and animals?

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