Name the four layers of the atmosphere, from the lowest to the highest.
|A)||thermosphere, troposphere, mesosphere, stratosphere|
|B)||troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere|
|C)||mesosphere, troposphere, stratosphere, thermosphere|
|D)||troposphere, mesosphere, stratosphere, thermosphere|
The layer of the atmosphere that produces surface winds and weather is the:
Air density increases when:
|B)||its water vapor content increases.|
|D)||its atmospheric pressure decreases.|
The standard atmospheric pressure at sea level is:
|A)||1013.25 inches of mercury.|
|D)||760 inches of mercury.|
Which of the following is not one of the four largest components of dry air?
Which of the following statements on CO2 is not correct?
|A)||The oceans are the largest reservoir for CO2.|
|B)||Atmospheric CO2 absorbs terrestrial longwave radiation and warms the atmosphere.|
|C)||Since the mid-1800s, the concentration of atmospheric CO2 has increased.|
|D)||The greenhouse effect is an artificial atmospheric phenomenon produced by human activity.|
Which of the following statements on ozone is not correct?
|A)||Ozone depletion is accelerated by the breakdown of CFCs in the atmosphere.|
|B)||Ozone is a health hazard at ground level.|
|C)||Ozone is not a greenhouse gas.|
|D)||Ozone in the stratosphere blocks incoming ultraviolet radiation.|
Which of the following statements on atmospheric sulfur is not correct?
|A)||Sulfur compounds are produced by marine organisms.|
|B)||Acid rain over the oceans is rapidly lowering the pH of the oceans.|
|C)||Global anthropogenic sulfur emissions are concentrated in the northern hemisphere.|
|D)||Cloud density is partially controlled by airborne sulfur compound particles.|
On a non-rotating Earth model:
|A)||air over the equator warms, rises, and heads polewards.|
|B)||cool, dry air settles at the poles and moves equatorwards.|
|C)||surface winds in the southern hemisphere are south winds.|
|D)||All of the above correctly describe atmospheric motion.|
The Coriolis effect results from:
|A)||the gravitational pull of the Sun.|
|B)||lower rotational velocities at lower latitudes.|
|C)||lower rotational velocities at higher latitudes.|
|D)||All of the above are elements of the Coriolis effect.|
Air moving over the surface of the Earth:
|A)||is deflected to the left in the northern hemisphere.|
|B)||is deflected to the right in the southern hemisphere.|
|C)||is deflected to the right in the northern hemisphere.|
|D)||will follow a straight path.|
Bands of winds blowing toward the equator are called the:
The region near the equator of calm or unsteady winds is called the:
Which of the following statements on clouds is not correct?
|A)||Clouds cool the Earth by reflecting and scattering solar radiation.|
|B)||Clouds warm the Earth by absorbing and reemitting longwave terrestrial radiation.|
|C)||Clouds may form from condensation nuclei in ships' exhausts.|
|D)||Clouds appear white because they contain ice and snow crystals.|
The satellite-based instrument that detects wind speed and direction from ocean waves is a:
The winter monsoon in Asia is characterized by a:
|A)||warm, wet offshore wind.|
|B)||warm, dry offshore wind.|
|C)||cool, dry onshore wind.|
|D)||cool, dry offshore wind.|
Which of the following processes is not identified with El Niño?
|A)||cool, dry weather along the coast of Peru|
|B)||droughts in Indonesia|
|C)||eastward flow of warm surface waters in the Equatorial Pacific|
|D)||southern displacement of the polar jet stream over the Pacific|
Hurricanes in the northern hemisphere:
|A)||need a sea surface temperature of at least 27oC to form.|
|B)||develop around a high pressure cell.|
|C)||rotate in a clockwise direction.|
|D)||are described by all of the above.|
The control of precipitation patterns associated with elevation changes is called the _________ effect.
|A)||result from the very high atmospheric pressures associated with hurricanes.|
|B)||may be amplified along shallow shores.|
|C)||will be higher along deep water shores where there is more water.|
|D)||occur on the back side of hurricanes.|
Which of the following is the correct order of the layers of the atmosphere from highest to lowest?
|A)||thermosphere, mesosphere, stratosphere, troposphere|
|B)||troposphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, stratosphere|
|C)||troposphere, stratosphere, thermosphere, mesosphere|
|D)||troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere|
Order the constituents of the atmosphere from highest to lowest concentration.
|A)||nitrogen, oxygen, argon, hydrogen|
|B)||oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, argon|
|C)||oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, argon|
|D)||hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, argon|
Which of the following is true about CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere?
|A)||CO2 increases during the spring and decreases during the fall.|
|B)||CO2 remains constant with time.|
|C)||CO2 Concentration has steadily been decreasing with time.|
|D)||CO2 decreases during the spring and increases during the fall.|
Which of the following is NOT true?
|A)||Less dense air rises.|
|B)||As air rises it cools.|
|C)||Warm air is less dense than cool air.|
|D)||Condensation occurs as air warms.|
Which wind system moves from west to east between 30º and 60º north and south latitude?
Approximately what percentage of incoming solar radiation is absorbed by the Earth's surface?
Which of the following is NOT true about the global heat budget?
|A)||More heat is lost than gained at high latitudes.|
|B)||More heat is gained than lost at low latitudes.|
|C)||On a long-term basis, the low latitudes are increasing in temperature and the high latitudes are decreasing.|
|D)||Wind and water transfer heat away from the equator.|
In which of the following locations would you expect to have the highest annual temperature range?
|A)||San Francisco, CA|
|C)||St. Louis, MO|
|D)||New York, NY|
During an El Niño event:
|A)||atmospheric pressure is lower than normal in the western Pacific.|
|B)||there is less rain than usual in western South America.|
|C)||atmospheric pressure is lower than normal along the west coast of South America.|
|D)||trade winds blow more strongly than usual from west to east.|