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Multiple Choice Quiz
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Which of the following did NOT contribute to reform movements in the early twentieth century?
A)rapid industrialization and urbanization following the Civil War.
B)city "bosses" who linked big business and politics in unhealthy ways.
C)progressive backlash against social idealism.
D)city governments that managed to balance democratic principles.
Abraham Ruef can be characterized as
A)once an idealistic and wealthy young law student.
B)a Republican city and sub-boss whose favors could be bought by corporate officials and immigrant voters.
C)an opportunist who saw how things worked and helped perpetuate the political machine.
D)all of these.
Fremont Older, who launched the San Francisco anti-corruption plan, was
A)editor of the San Francisco Bulletin.
B)himself entangled in city bribe-taking.
C)an advisor to President Roosevelt.
D)all of these.
Lincoln Steffens proposed that those guilty of corruption
A)should repay society through his pioneer "community service" program.
B)should receive amnesty and then help rebuild society.
C)should be barred from working in public corporations.
D)should receive the maximum possible prison sentences.
Francis J. Henley
A)convicted E. H. Harriman of corruption.
B)served as assistant district attorney in San Francisco in 1906.
C)launched an even wider probe of corruption in government.
D)fought to dismiss charges against Abe Ruef.
By 1909, San Francisco voters reacted to city corruption by
A)reelecting the city prosecutor.
B)cooled enthusiasm as the extent of graft was revealed.
C)launching an even wider probe of corruption in government.
D)encouraging Los Angeles to launch a similar investigation.
The first U.S. city to adopt a charter including initiative, referendum, and recall measures was
A)San Francisco.
B)New York.
C)Los Angeles.
D)none of these.

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