U. S. Government: Democracy In Action

Chapter 14: Citizenship and Equal Justice

Citizenship and Equal Justice

A Nigerian journalist who has come to the United States to report on a presidential election is an example of __________
A)an enemy alien.
B)a refugee.
C)a non-resident alien.
D)a resident alien.
The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 provided a way for __________
A)illegal aliens to become permanent United States residents.
B)illegal aliens to become citizens immediately.
C)pardoning all employers of illegal aliens.
D)employers to hire illegal aliens without paying fines.
If an applicant for citizenship is more than 50 years old and has been living in the United States for 20 years or more, he or she is exempt from the requirement to __________
A)be of good moral character.
B)know basic facts about American government.
C)have entered the country legally.
D)read, write, and speak English.
The most common way citizens participate in political life is by __________
A)voting in elections.
B)campaigning for a candidate.
C)supporting an interest group.
D)working at the polls.
Police must have a warrant to search someone they __________
A)stop for a minor traffic violation.
B)hire for a job that requires drug testing.
C)suspect of committing a crime.
D)observed committing a crime.
After the Gideon v. Wainwright decision in 1963, the Supreme Court ruled that all persons accused of crimes have the right to counsel unless the __________
A)case does not involve the death penalty.
B)required accused has no special circumstances such as mental incompetence.
C)accused has too few resources to retain a lawyer.
D)worst possible punishment is less than 6 months in jail.
The American ideal that "all men are created equal" means that __________
A)each person is equally affected by each law.
B)everyone is entitled to equal rights and treatment under the law.
C)legislatures cannot make laws dealing with categories of people.
D)all people are born with the same characteristics.
To desegregate schools in many areas after 1970, students had to __________
A)be bused to schools out of their neighborhoods.
B)lobby for new school in their neighborhood.
C)petition their state legislatures to change state segregation laws.
D)move out of segregated neighborhoods.
The Supreme Court has barred distinctions based on gender in cases involving __________
A)the prohibition of women workers in all-male prisons.
B)the barring of fathers from hospital delivery rooms.
C)states that set different ages when men and women become legal adults.
D)the constitutionality of same-gender public schools.
The Supreme Court has ruled that the right to personal privacy is limited when __________
A)abortion is involved.
B)the online world has privacy issues.
C)the state must protect society.
D)the case involves child rearing.
US Government: Democracy In Action
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