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Multiple Choice Quiz


Which of the following was a consequence of Tycho's failure to detect parallaxes of stars?
A)it convinced him that the earth was stationary
B)it convinced him that the stars are very far away
C)it convinced him that Saturn was the outermost planet
D)it convinced him that stars are bigger than the solar system

Which of the following is one of Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion
A)planets move on elliptical orbits with the Sun at one focus
B)gravitational force between two objects decreases as the distance squared
C)an object in motion remains in motion
D)inner planets orbit in a different direction than outer ones

Suppose a planet has an elliptical orbit. The speed of the planet is 20 km/s when it is at its average distance from the sun. Which of the following is most likely to be the planet's speed when it is nearest the sun?
A)10 km/s
B)15 km/s
C)20 km/s
D)25 km/s

A hypothetical planet orbits the sun a distance of 3 AU. What is its orbital period?
A)2.8 years
B)3.0 years
C)5.2 years
D)9.0 years

It has been suggested that there are very remote planets in the solar system, with periods of about ten million years. Approximately how far from the Sun would such a planet be?
A)100 astronomical units
B)5000 astronomical units
C)50000 astronomical units
D)500000 astronomical units

In which of the following models of the solar system is it possible for stars to show parallaxes?
A)none of the other answers is correct
B)Ptolemy's model
C)Copernicus' model
D)Tycho's model

When does retrograde motion of Jupiter occur in the heliocentric model of the solar system?
A)when the earth passes Jupiter
B)when the earth and Jupiter are on opposite sides of the sun
C)when the earth is nearest the sun
D)when the sun and Jupiter are seen close together in the sky

A shift in the direction of an object caused by a change in the position of an observer is called
C)the Coriolis effect
D)epicycle motion

A planet has a synodic period of 3 years. What is the sidereal (orbital) period of the planet?
A)23 year
B)1 year
C)1.5 years
D)3 years

What was the significance of Galileo's discovery that Venus shows all phases from new to full?
A)it allowed him to find Venus' distance from the sun
B)it proved to other astronomers that his telescope was working correctly
C)in the geocentric model, only some phases are possible
D)it proved that Venus has an atmosphere

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