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Multiple Choice
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Dr. Bisman is creating an intelligence test for adolescents. She will likely select items for the test that are ______ since Dr. Bisman believes in a general intellectual capacity.
B)highly related
C)age appropriate
D)norm referenced

Measuring a person’s head size as an indication of intelligence most blatantly disregards
A)test validity.
B)test standardization.
C)test reliability.
D)norm referencing.

The Stanford-Binet IQ test is often criticized for which of the following reasons?
A)The items do not account for age differences.
B)The test contains an excess of performance items.
C)The test has not been properly standardized.
D)The items rely heavily upon academic experience.

Sternberg’s triarchic theory of intelligence differs from most other theories of intelligence because it focuses on
A)the product of problem solving.
B)academic settings.
C)the process of problem solving.
D)Incorrect. Sternberg’s theory does not focus on norm-referenced scores.

Charles Spearman attempted to determine whether intelligence consists of a general capacity or several specific abilities. From his research, Spearman concluded that intelligence is
A)best assessed using an information-processing approach.
B)best thought of as a group of many specific abilities.
C)composed of both a general factor and specific abilities.
D)comprised of only an all-encompassing general factor.

Which of the following intelligence theorists points to idiot savants as evidence in support of his theory of multiple intelligences?

Researchers have found that, although far from perfect, infants’ ______ appear to be the best predictors of infants’ later abilities.
A)IQ scores
B)sensorimotor abilities
C)abilities to track moving objects
D)attentional capabilities

Although there is some disagreement, most psychologists believe that about _____ percent of the variability in intelligence among individuals in a particular group is due to genetic factors.

Arthur Jensen distinguished two independent levels of learning (associative learning and cognitive learning) in order to help articulate his position that the majority of intelligence is due to
B)family interactions.
C)cultural factors.
D)economic factors.

Economically deprived children who attended Head Start as compared to similar children who did not attend Head Start
A)experienced immediate and permanent gains in IQ scores.
B)were more likely to graduate high school.
C)were just as likely to engage in antisocial behavior in adolescence.
D)did not experience any long-term benefits.

Intelligence tests
A)measure intellectual capacity.
B)measure intellectual performance.
C)infer intellectual performance.
D)are immune from situational or emotional factors.

Which of the following questions is not seen as being central to alternative views of intelligence?
A)Is intelligence a unitary, generalized function or is it composed of a group of relatively separate abilities?
B)How does intelligence develop and to what extent can it be modified?
C)Does intelligence change throughout the lifespan or does it remain constant and unaffected by physiological factors?
D)Is intelligence an underlying construct, trait, ability or capacity that can never be directly assessed, or should it be defined only in terms of performance on specific cognitive tests?

A test that measures what it claims to measure is considered

The first intelligence test was designed by Binet and Simon to
A)identify gifted children who might excel given the right opportunities.
B)identify children who were unable to learn in a traditional classroom setting.
C)inhibit teachers’ prejudices against children who were from privileged backgrounds.
D)complete the research for their doctoral thesis.

The information-processing approach to measuring intelligence focuses on
A)the product (the solved problem).
B)processing skills, experience and context.
C)linguistic ability.
D)memory coding and decoding.

Which statement is incorrect?
A)The reliability of IQ scores can be affected by environmental changes.
B)The reliability of IQ scores can be affected by the rate of cognitive and physical development.
C)IQ scores can vary with age.
D)At age ten, the fluctuation of IQ scores has been associated with higher levels of abstract reasoning and conceptual processes.

Social class differences are found on cognitive measures that involve language in children as young as
A)12 months of age.
B)18 months of age
C)24 months of age.
D)30 months of age.

Scarr and Weinberg’s (1976) study on IQ test performance of black children adopted by white families supports
A)the view that heredity is the significant factor in determining intelligence.
B)the view that heredity is the significant factor in determining intelligence if the child is placed before 12 months of age.
C)the view that environment is the significant factor in determining intelligence.
D)the view that environment plays a larger role in determining intelligence if the child is placed in the adoptive home after 12 months of age.

All but one of the following has been associated with Head Start participation.
A)higher cognitive and social development scores in kindergarten children
B)increased likelihood of graduating from high school.
C)decreased likelihood of repeating a grade
D)decreased competency as adolescents

A characteristic of gifted children is
A)multiple intelligences.
B)being labeled a ‘nerd.’
C)efficiency of cognitive processing.
D)low self-esteem.

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