The defining criteria of mental retardation is based on the idea that abnormal behavior is behavior that
|A)||deviates from the average.|
|B)||deviates from the ideal.|
|C)||is socially unacceptable.|
What view of abnormality would most likely arise out of a culture that expects its people to work hard, live forever, and be happy? Abnormality as
|A)||deviation from the ideal.|
|D)||deviation from the average.|
Which of the following behaviors in children would most likely be associated with dysfunction in adulthood?
The classification systems used today for diagnosing childhood disorders are based primarily on
|A)||description of behaviors, feelings.|
|D)||causes of the disorders.|
A measure of diagnostic reliability would be best obtained by
|A)||having one clinician diagnose several different children.|
|B)||having several clinicians independently diagnose the same child.|
|C)||having several expert clinicians discuss the characteristics of each disorder.|
|D)||having one clinician repeatedly diagnose the same child over a period of time.|
Most childhood diagnoses in the DSM-IV are
|A)||neither reliable nor valid.|
|B)||both reliable and valid.|
|C)||valid but not reliable.|
|D)||reliable but not valid.|
What type of psychological disorders are characterized by a repetitive and persistent pattern of rule violations?
The _____ theory of depression suggests that people become depressed because they feel unable to control the outcomes of relevant events in their lives.
The most extremely disturbed children are those diagnosed as having _____ disorders.
Which of the following would most likely view the child's behavior as a symptom of a problematic social system?
A basic principle of developmental psychopathology states that the role of development must be considered
|A)||in the treatment strategy chosen.|
|B)||in the assessment processes used to diagnose.|
|C)||in the origins of symptoms and the course of behavior disorders.|
|D)||when determining the long-term outcomes for the child.|
Which model assumes that the psychological disorder, like a physical disease, resides within the individual?
The model which defines abnormality as being abnormal from any feelings or behaviors that differ from the average by some set amount is the
A child whose individual IQ test score is 3 standard deviations below the mean is said to be
Caspi, Elder, and Bem (1987) propose that the continuity in maladaptive behaviors is sustained by
|A)||cumulative continuity and niche picking.|
|C)||genetic and environmental factors.|
|D)||cumulative continuity and interactional continuity.|
Probably, the best known and most widely used diagnostic classification system has been compiled by the
|A)||American Psychological Association.|
|B)||American Psychiatric Association.|
|C)||American Medical Association.|
|D)||American Diagnostic Association.|
Which of the following statements is correct?
|A)||Over three times as many boys as girls are reported to exhibit conduct disorders.|
|B)||More girls than boys are labeled as having undercontrolled behavior disorders.|
|C)||Overcontrolled behavior disorders are the most frequently reported of all psychological problems of childhood.|
|D)||Undercontrolled behavior is defined by its negative impact on the individual himself.|
All but one of the following factors are associated with illicit drug use.
|B)||Need to increase self-insight|
|D)||Resistance to authority|
Chance is a 3-year-old boy who uses echolalia speech patterns, avoids eye contact, does not like to be touched, and spends hours flapping his arms while watching a top spin on the kitchen floor. Chance will probably be diagnosed as having
Behavior therapy, play therapy and family therapy are forms of