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Nutrition, Metabolism, and Body Temperature Regulation

1. Define nutrition, essential nutrient, and kilocalorie.
2. For carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins describe their dietary sources, their uses in the body, and the daily recommended amounts of each in the diet.
3. List the common vitamins and minerals and give a function for each.
4. Define metabolism, anabolism, and catabolism.
5. List three ways in which enzyme activity is controlled.
6. Describe glycolysis and name its products.
7. Describe the citric acid cycle and its products.
8. Describe the electron-transport chain and how ATP is produced in the process.
9. Explain how the breakdown of glucose yields two ATP molecules in anaerobic respiration and 38 ATP molecules in aerobic respiration.
10. Describe the basic steps involved in using lipids and amino acids as an energy source.
11. Differentiate between the absorptive and postabsorptive metabolic states.
12. Define metabolic rate.
Body Temperature Regulation
13. Describe heat production and regulation in the body.

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