Biology, Eighth Edition (Raven)

Chapter 15: Genes and How They Work

Learning Outcomes

Chapter 15
  • Differentiate among the three kinds of RNA in terms of structure and function.
  • Understand the kind of code present in the nucleotide sequence of DNA.
  • Describe the process of transcription, its machinery, and end products.
  • Describe the process of translation, its machinery, and end products.
  • Understand how specific amino acids are added to the proper tRNAs.
  • Describe the process of protein synthesis.
  • Understand how transcription, translation, and protein synthesis are interrelated.
  • Know the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic protein synthesis.
  • Understand why eukaryotic gene transcripts must be spliced. How are introns and exons involved?
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