Biology, Eighth Edition (Raven)
Learning OutcomesChapter 35
- Indicate the four principal characteristics of chordates.
- Compare the two non-vertebrate chordates with each other and to the vertebrates.
- Indicate the major characteristics possessed by all vertebrates and those features that separate them.
- Understand how the jawless fish differ from all other vertebrates.
- Explain the value of the Chondrichthyes skeleton and indicate the structure(s) seen in the bony fish. Explain how the bony fish evolved to counteract the comparative disadvantage of their skeleton.
- Know the characteristics required to evolve a terrestrial form of life from an aquatic one.
- Understand how amphibians differ from the three other classes of terrestrial vertebrates.
- Describe how the reptiles are evolutionarily more advanced than amphibians and why they are better adapted for a truly terrestrial existence.
- Differentiate between endothermy and ectothermy, the advantages and disadvantages of each, and indicate which classes of vertebrates fit into each category.
- Understand the special adaptations found in the birds.
- Differentiate among monotremes, marsupials, and placental mammals.
- Review the differences found prosimians versus anthropoids.
- Contrast the differences seen in Australopithecine and Homo species.